last update: 4/18/19

History 270

Lectures and Reading Assignments
Abbreviations of Citations and Location Codes

AELLichtheim, Miriam. Ancient Egyptian Literature: A Book of Readings. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975-1980. Volume 1, The Old and Middle Kingdoms (1975). Volume 2, The New Kingdom 1976). Volume 3, The Late Period (1980).(Addlestone Library Reserve)
ANETPritchard, James. B., editor. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Related to the Old Testament, 3rd ed. with Supplement. Princeton. Princeton University Press, 1969. (Addlestone Library Reference)
CANESasson, Jack M., editor-in-chief. Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. Four volumes. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward. (Addlestone Library Reference)
ELJAddlestone Library Electronic Journals (available through JStore)
Hallo, Context of ScriptureHallo, W. H., and K. L. Younger, eds. The Context of Scripture. Three volumes. Leiden: Brill, 1997-2002. Volume 1, Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World (1997). Volume 2, Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World (2001). Volume 3, Archival Documents from the Biblical World (2002).(Addlestone Library Reference)
Lexikon der Ägyptologie, eds. Helck, W., E. Otto and W. Westendorf. Seven volumes. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1975-1989. (Addlestone Library Reserves)
LAESimpson, W. K. et al., eds. Literature of Ancient Egypt. Third edition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. (Addlestone Library Reference)
PerAddlestone Library Periodicals Room (among the journals)
RefAddlestone Library Reference Room
RSAddlestone Library Reserves (behind the check-out counter)
WLink on this Web Page; available for downloading

Week 1: January 8 and 10
	(1/8) Course Introduction and Description

	(1/10) Western Perceptions of Ancient Egypt
W 		H. Whitehouse, "Egypt in European Thought," in CANE 1, 15-31 (click to open).
Week 2: January 15 and 17
	(1/15) Orientalism and the Distortion of Ancient Egypt
W		A. L. Macfie, "Introduction," in Orientalism: A Reader, 1-8 (click to open);
W/RS	E. Said, "Imaginative Geography and its Representations: Orientalizing the Oriental,"
			in Orientalism, 49-73 (click to open).

	(1/17) NO CLASS: Take-Home Video Writing Assignment
		Streaming Video (DVD also on Reserve): "Ancient Egypt, Modern Medicine" (2012, 54 mins.);
			Access manually through Addlestone Library Catalog (or click here to acces; then "Connect to");
		Writing Assignment: (Deconstructing popular notions of Egyptian medicine)
		Write a 1-page Reaction Paper (single-spaced) integrating the following questions into a
		single continuous essay pertaining to this video:
		How is the general approach of this video actually an example of poor historical methodology
		and interpretation? To what extent do reductionism and sensationalism function in the video, 
		and how are they destructive of true historical discourse? Finally, how do notions related to 
		Orientalism occur in the video, and how might the video adhere to concepts associated with 
		the negative aspects of Orientalism (including an emphasis on the exotic and sensational)?
		Due: January 24.
Week 3: January 22 and 24
	(1/22-24) Introduction to Ancient Egypt and Egyptian Medicine and Health
	 	Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, "Introduction," 8-23;
W		K. Weeks, K., "Medicine, Surgery and Public Healh in Ancient Egypt," In CANE 3, 1787-1792. (click to open);
W		R. Ritner, Review of Estes, Medical Skills of Ancient Egypt," in Society of Ancient Medicine Newsletter 18 (1990): 18 (click to open);;
W		B. Harer, Review of Estes, Medical Skills of Ancient Egypt," in JARCE 28 (1991): 229-231. (click to open).

	(1/24) Video Writing Assignment Due (in class).
Week 4: January 29 and 31
	(1/29-31) Ancient Egypt: Historical Overview I
	 	Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 8-23.
W/Ref	W. Murnane, "The History of Ancient Egypt: An Overview," in CANE 2/5, 691-717 (click to open);
W/ELJ	K. Kitchen, "The Chronology of Ancient Egypt," World Archaeology 23/2
			(October 1991): 201-208 (click to open).

Week 5: February 5 and 7
	 (2/5-7) Egyptian Magic: An Overview
		Pinch, Egyptian Magic, 18-32, 61-89;
W/RS	J. Borghouts, Ancient Egyptian Magical Texts, Spell 84, pp. 51-55 (click to open);	
W		"Magical Spell for the Protection of a Child" (Piccione) (click to open);
W		R. Ritner, "Toward a Definition of Magic," in The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian
			Magical Practice, 3-28, 54-57, 67-72 (click to open).
W/RS	R. Ritner, "Magic in Medicine," in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt 2, 326-329.


Week 6: February 12 and 14		
	(2/12-14) Theoretical Bases of Disease: Aetiology
	 	Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 56-63, 64-95;
		Pinch, Egyptian Magic, 104-132;
W 		P. Ghalioungui, "The Causation of Disease," in
			The House of Life, Per Ankh, 52-62;	
W 		Harris, "Medicine," in The Legacy of Egypt, 127 (from last paragraph only)-129;
W		R. Ritner, "The Bentresh Stela," in LAE, 361-366;
W/RS	E. Wente, "Letters to the Dead and to the Gods," in Letters from Ancient Egypt,
			211-217 (nos. 341-342, 345-346, 349-350, 352).

Week 7: February 19 and 21
	(2/19) Character and Legacy of Egyptian Medicine 
		Pinch, Egyptian Magic, 161-177;
W 		Harris, "Medicine," in The Legacy of Egypt, 112-127, 130-137;
W		Longrigg, "Early Alexandrian Medical Science," in Greek Rational Medicine, 177-219;.

	(2/19) Interim Assignment #1 distributed by e-mail
	(2/21) The Egyptian Physician	 	
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 113-35; 
		Pinch, Egyptian Magic, 133-146;
W		Amundsen and Ferngren, "The Forensic Role of Physicians in Ptolemaic
			and Roman Egypt," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 52 (1978): 336-353;
W		Ghalioungui, Excerpts from The Physicians of Pharaonic Egypt:
			"Structure of the Medical Profession," 87, 89-97; "Egyptian Physicians Abroad," 76-80;
W/RS	Lichtheim, "Statue Inscription of Udjahorresne," in AEL, vol. 3, 36-40.


Week 8: February 26 and 28
	(2/26) Features of Egyptian Medical Practice 	
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 24-41, 42-56, 197 [bottom]-202; 	
W		Ghalioungui, P. "Early Specialization in Ancient Egyptian Medicine and
			Its Possible Relation to the Archetypal Image of the Human Organism,"
			Medical History 13 (1969): 383-386 (click to open).

	(2/26) Interim Assignment #1 due in class

	(2/28) The Heart, Cardiology and Vascular Issues
W 		Ghalioungui, Ebers Papyrus ("The Book of the Heart" and cardiac issues),
			in Ebers Papyrus, 217-230, nos. 854-855v (click to open).
W/JL	Ritner, R. "Innovations and Adaptations in Ancient Egyptian Therapies,"
			Journal of Near Eastern Studies 59 (2000): 107-117 (click to open).

Week 9: March 5 and 7
	 (3/5) Egyptian Surgical Practices (I) 	
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 163-190; 	
W		Sandison, A. T. "Chirurgie (Surgery)," in  1, cols. 947-950 (click to open);
W		Brothwell, and Moeller-Christensen, "A Possible Case of Amputation Dated 2,000 B.C.,"
			Man 63 (1963): no. 244, pp. 192-194 (click to open)
W		Aldred, C. "A Possible Case of Amputation,"  Man 64 (1964): no. 58 (click to open);
W		Finch, J. "Ancient Origins of Prosthetic Medicine,"  The Lancet 377 (2011): 548-549 (click to open).
	(3/5) Midterm Grades due at Noon

	(3/7) Egyptian Surgical Practices (II)
W		Allen, J. P. "The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus," 70-115 (click to open);
W		Messiha, "Ancient Egyptian Surgical Instruments," Bulletin of the Center of
			Papyrological Studies 3 (1986): 17-22 (click to open);	
W		Van Houten, T. "The Edwin Smith Papyrus: I. The Surgical Management of Injuries."
			MASCA Journal 1/4 (1980): 99-101 (click to open);
W		Van Houten, T. "The Edwin Smith Papyrus: II. Surgical Management in Cases of Uncertain
			or Dubious Prognosis." MASCA Journal 1/6 (1980): 182-84 (click to open).

Week 10: March 12 and 14
	(3/12) Egyptian Surgical Practices (III)
W 		Ghalioungui, ("Ulcers, Tumors, Swellings"+ leprosy?),
		  in Ebers Papyrus, 232-256, nos. 857-877 (click to open);
W 		Piccione, ed., "Survey of Trauma Cases from the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus" (click to open);
W 		Piccione, ed., "Medical Case Study: Skull Fracture-Sinus Perforation, Edwin Smith Papyrus Case no. 7" (click to open).

	(3/14) Religious Curing, Healing Statues, Shrines and Sanatoria	
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 96-104;
W 		Ritner, R. "Horus on the Crocodiles: A Juncture of Religion and Magic in Late Dynastic Egypt," 103-116;
W		J. Walker, "The Place of Magic in the Practice of Medicine in Ancient Egypt,"
			Bulletin of the Australian Center of Egyptology Egypt 1, 85-95

		Further Readings: TBA

	(3/18) Last day to withdraw with grade of "W"


		+ + + SPRING BREAK: March 17 through 23 + + +

Week 11: March 26 and 28
	(3/26) Women's Health: Gynaecology and Obstetrics (I) 	
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 191-197; 
W		Stevens, "Gynaecology from Ancient Egypt: The Papyrus Kahun,"
			The Medical Journal of Australia 21 (December 1975): 949-952 (click to open);	
W		Iversen, E. Papyrus Carlsberg No. VIII with Some Remarks on the Egyptian
			Origin of Some Popular Birth Prognoses (click to open);
W		Riddle, "Egyptian Papyrus Sources," in Contraception and Abortion from the
			Ancient World to the Renaissance, 66-73 (click to open).
	(3/25) Last day to withdraw with grade of "W"

	(3/28) Gynaecology and Obstetrics (I)
W 		Ghalioungui, (Gynaecological/obstetrical issues) in Ebers Papyrus, 200-213, nos. 783-839 (click to open);
W/JL		Ritner, R. "A Uterine Amulet in the Oriental Institute Collection,"
			Journal of Near Eastern Studies 43 (1984): 209-221 (click to open);
W		Ghalioungui, Khalil and Ammar, "On an Ancient Egyptian Method of Diagnosing Pregnancy and
			Determining Foetal Sex," Medical History 7 (1963): 241-46 (click to open).
Week 12: April 2 and 4
	(4/2-4) Materia Medica
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 136-62; 	
JL		Bassett, et al. "Tetracycline-Labeled Human Bone from Ancient Sudanese Nubia (A.D. 350),"
			Science 209, no. 4464 (26 September 1980): 1532-34; 	
W		Dawson, W. "The Mouse in Egyptian and Later Medicine." Journal of
			Egyptian Archaeology 10 (1924): 83-86 (click to open);
W		Estes, "The Swnw�s Medicines" and "A Postscript from a Modern
			Laboratory" in The Medical Skills of Ancient Egypt, rev. ed., 92-112, 65-71 (click to open);	
W		Harer, "Pharmacological and Biological Properties of the Egyptian
			Lotus," Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 22 (1985): 49-54;
W		Ebers Papyrus: water lilies in remedies: Cases no.: 244 (p. 76), 258 (p. 86), 479 (p. 132);
		Bisset, N. et al. "Was Opium Known in the 18th Dynasty in Egypt?" Ägypten und Levante 6 (1998): 199-201.

Week 13: April 9 and 11
	(4/9-11) Palaeopathology and Mummification
W		Armelagos and Mills, "Palaeopathology as Science: The Contribution
			of Egyptology," in Biological Anthropology and the Study of Ancient Egypt, 1-18 (click to open);
W		Buikstra, et al. "What Diseases Plagued Ancient Egyptians? A Century
			of Controversy Considered," in Biological Anthropology and the Study of Ancient Egypt, 24-53 (click to open);
W		Harer, "Health in Pharaonic Egypt," in Biological Anthropology and
			the Study of Ancient Egypt, 19-23 (click to open);
W		Pirsig, W. and F. Parsche, "Instruments for Transnasal Brain
			Removal during Embalming by the Ancient Egyptians," International Journal of Anthropology 6/1 (1991): 67-74 (click to open).

Week 15: April 16 and 18
	(4/16-18) Dentistry and Dental Health	
		Nunn, Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 202 [bottom]-205;
W 		Leek, "Did a Dental Profession Exist in Ancient Egypt
			During the 3rd Millennium B.C.?" Medical History 16 (1972): 404-406 (click to open);
W 		Ghalioungui, (dental issues) in Ebers Papyrus, 189-191, nos. 739-750 (click to open);
EJL/W	Leek, "The Practice of Dentistry in Ancient Egypt," JEA 53 (1967): 51-58; (click to open);
EJL/W 	Leek, "Teeth and Bread in Ancient Egypt," Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 58 (1972): 126-32 (click to open);
W 		Weeks, "Ancient Egyptian Dentistry," in X-Ray Atlas of the Royal Mummies, 99-121. (click to open).

	(4/18) Last Day of Class

	(4/18) Research Paper Due

	(4/18) Interim Assignment # 2 distributed (return by April 25)



	!! NONE !!