The Breasted Letters, 1919-1920
INDEX

compiled and edited by Peter Piccione, Ph. D.
© 2003. All rights reserved

NB: Each letter is numbered consecutively in chronological order, and each separately dated entry within a letter is designated with a decimal number. "Pioneer Refs." denotes the page numbers where a letter was previously transcribed in Pioneer to the Past (Charles Breasted, 1943). "Archive" denotes the current location of the letter. "Location" denotes the place where the letter or entries were written or mailed. All letters are typewritten unless specifically described as "handwritten." A listing of abbreviations follows the index. This index is still under development and subject to modification.

No. Date Pages Entry Dates Pioneer
Refs.
Archive Remarks/Contents Location Recipient
1.00 08/18/19 1 -- X CIT written on train on OI letterhead; mentions travel arrangements; states project goals; names personal contacts Chicago/New York (train) Hale
2.00 08/31/19 3 -- X OIM -- London (Imperial Hotel) family
3.01 09/02/19 2 -- X OIM -- London (Imperial Hotel) family
3.02 -- 09/03/19 X handwritten postscript; no signature
4.00 09/11/19 2 -- X OIM -- London (Imperial Hotel) family
5.01 09/14/19 3 -- 244-246 OIM guest of Lord Carnarvon at Highclere Castle; sends Gen. Allenby copy of History of Egypt; 1st page of letter handwritten; remaining 3 typed; on light blue Highclere Castle letter bond, 6-13/18 x 10-3/16; enclosure is a pamphlet-clipping of drawing of "Thaxted catechists" CB intermixes contents of this letter with those of 9/29/19 Newbury, Highclere Castle family
5.02 -- 9/15/19 am X -- London
5.03 -- 9/15/19 pm X handwritten postscript asking why CB does not write
6.01 09/19/19 2 -- X OIM written on train; receives letter from Gen. Allenby Oxford/London (train) CB
6.02 -- 09/20/19 X contains copy of letter of introduction for JHB by Hogarth to Allenby London
6.03 -- 09/22/19 X visited H.G. Wells & family
7.00 09/21/19 5 -- X OIM handwritten on note paper imprinted "Easton Glebe, Dunmowe", 4-7/16 x 7 Dunmowe (H. G. Wells' house) FHB
8.00 09/23/19 4 -- X OIM handwritten on note paper imprinted "Authors' Club", 4-7/16 x 7; written during lunch at Authors' Club London FHB
9.00 09/25/19 1 -- X JRL written on OI letterhead London (Imperial Hotel) Judson
10.01 09/25/19 2 -- X OIM salutation = "my dear dear boy;" opines on French & English scholars London (Imperial Hotel) CB
10.02 -- 09/26/19 X applies for a pistol permit for Mesopotamia; assessment of Oxford's ANE program; poor state of affairs between Lacau and British scholars in Egypt
11.01 09/29/19 3 -- 244 OIM written on train; CB conflates with 9/14 & intermixes contents! Highclere/London (train) family
11.02 -- 9/29/19 pm X letter completed in London hotel; weekend vist to Carnarvons at Highclere Castle; meets colonial officials with anti-French sentiments; great railroad strike London (Imperial Hotel)
12.00 10/01/19 3 -- X OIM handwritten on note paper imprinted "Authors' Club", 4-7/16 x 7; notes FHB's letter of 9/7 arrived 9/22 during railroad strike London FHB
13.00 10/06/19 1 -- X JRL request for Prof. Luckenbill to depart Chicago early London (Imperial Hotel) Judson
14.00 10/07/19 2 -- X OIM salutation = "my dear dear boy;" letter of introduction to Lady Lloyd, Bombay (wife of Sir George Lloyd, British Governor of Bombay) London (Imperial Hotel) CB
15.01 10/09/19 2 -- X OIM travels London/Boulogne Boulogne FHB
15.02 -- 10/10/19 X handwritten postscript above signature Paris
16.01 10/11/19 3 -- X OIM description of Fismes, WWI battlefield Paris family
16.02 -- 10/13/19 X --
17.00 10/18/19 2 -- X OIM written on train; purchasing antiquities in Paris Montreux (Orient Express) family
18.00 10/24/19 2 -- X OIM written on boat; mailed in Brundisi SS Baron Call (Venice/Bari) family
19.00 10/25/19 1 -- X OIM written on boat; mailed in Bari SS Baron Call (Bari/Alex) family
20.00 11/02/19 4 -- X OIM contains copies of letters from Arthur Balfour and Lord Curzon, British Foreign Ministers; describes sea journey to Alexandria; anti-British rioting in Egypt; mentions death of JHB's mother-in-law prior to 9/24; FHB is short of funds Cairo (Continental Hotel) family
21.01 11/06/19 3 -- X OIM meets Prof. Golenischeff several times Cairo (Shepheard's Hotel) family
21.02 -- 11/10/19 246-247 recounts fancy ball of 11/8 where JHB meets Gen. Bols (Allenby's chief of staff); discuss dangers of French insistence on taking Syria
21.03 -- 11/11/19 -- negotiating purchases from dealers; mentions E. W. Budge; recounts visit to Gen. Bols' office 11/10 & Allenby's return; requests prints of all RAF aerial photos of Egypt, Palestine and Syria
21.04 -- 11/12/19 am -- Armistice Day ball 11/11
21.05 -- 11/12/19 noon -- handwritten postscript on the left side of the letter acknowledging letters from home
22.01 11/30/19 7 -- -- OIM -- Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
22.02 -- 12/01/19 247-250 handwritten postscript above salutation
23.00 12/05/19 2 -- 250 OIM -- Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
24.00 12/07/19 3 -- X JRL written on OI letterhead; refers to HPJ's letters of 10/3/19 & 10/30/19 & letter to Edgar Goodspeed on Greek treatise Cairo (Villa Mandofia) Judson
25.00 12/10/19 5 -- 250-253 OIM carbon of letter to Elizabeth M. Anderson regarding purchase and naming Papyrus Milbank (enclosed in letter 12/13 to FHB); describes anti-British terrorism Egypt & Egyptian anger against British colonial policies; travel plans finalized for journey to Mesopotamia Cairo (Villa Mandofia) EMA
26.01 12/13/19 4 -- -- OIM contained carbon of 12/10 to EMA & Lady Allenby's handwritten invitation to lunch & horseback riding (?); describes RAF efforts to make aerial photos of Giza area for JHB Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
26.02 -- 12/14/19 253-254 --
26.03 -- 12/15/19 254 handwritten postscript "12/14"[sic] under signature
27.00 12/19/19 2 -- 254-255 OIM recounts horseback riding with the Allenby's previously on 12/14; Allenby describes poor treatment of King Feisal by the French; JHB meets with R. Greg, Dir.-Gen. Foreign Office; attempted assassination of Egyptian PM Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
28.01 12/20/19 12 -- 255-? OIM notation: "Rec'd Jan. 20th; handwritten on two sizes of paper: pp. 1-4 on 8.5x11" quadrille rule; pp. 5-12 on 3-hole loose-leaf, 12.6x19.6cm quadrille-ruled notebook paper Abu Qirqas (sugar factory rest house) FHB
28.02 -- 12/22/19 am -- 8:30 am; written at breakfast; confirm JHB carrying firearms Abu Qirqas (garden)
28.03 -- 12/22/19 pm -- 2:00 pm, written on train, traveling with the Greggs Abu Qirqas/Balianeh (train)
28.04 -- 12/23/19 -- written in dining room of steam powered irrigation plant Balianeh (irrigation plant)
28.05 -- 12/24/19 am -- 7:45 am, written on train Balianeh/Cairo (train)
28.06 -- 12/24/19 am -- 10:15 am, back in Cairo Cairo (Villa Mandofia)
29.00 12/28/19 1 -- X JRL written on OI letterhead; notes receiving HPJ's cable about $25000 gift; recounts horseback riding with Gen. & Mrs. Allenby Cairo (Villa Mandofia) Judson
30.00 12/30/19 2 -- 257-258 OIM notation: "Received Jan. 27th" Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
31.00 01/06/20 2 -- -- OIM -- Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
32.01 01/14/20 5 -- -- OIM -- Cairo (Villa Mandofia) FHB
32.02 -- 01/15/20 -- contains RAF flight-order to fly over & photograph pyramids
32.03 -- 01/16/20 -- --
33.00 01/25/20 3 -- -- OIM handwritten postscript under signature Luxor (MMA House) FHB
34.00 02/18/20 3 -- -- OIM double-sided; written on boat SS Benares (Suez Canal) FHB
35.00 02/18/20 2 -- X JRL written on boat on OI letterhead; marked "Confidential"; acknowledges HPJ's message re. $25000; needs $25000 more; lists great objects still for sale SS Benares (Port Said) Judson
36.01 02/19/20 6 -- -- OIM double-sided; written on boat SS Benares (Red Sea) FHB
36.02 -- 02/21/20 -- --
36.03 -- 02/29/20 -- --
36.04 -- 03/01/20 -- handwritten postscript under signature
37.01 03/03/20 7 -- -- OIM double-sided; written on boat SS Torilla (Indian Ocean) family
37.02 -- 03/04/20 -- --
37.03 -- 03/06/20 -- --
37.04 -- 03/07/20 -- --
37.05 -- 03/08/20 -- --
37.06 -- 03/09/20 -- --
37.07 -- 03/10/20 -- type-written section below signature
38.00 03/14/20 4 -- -- OIM double-sided Basra, GHQ family
39.00 03/18/20 1 -- -- OIM closing & signature in pencil Ur Junction family
40.01 03/21/20 23 -- -- OIM double-sided; written on boat; tightly handwritten on 3-holed, loose-leaf, quadrille-ruled notebook paper, 12.6x19.6 cm (MS) Ballia (Shatt el-Hai) CB
40.02 -- 3/21/20 pm -- written on train Kala`at el-Sikka
40.03 -- 03/24/20 -- -- (MS) Ballia (Shatt el-Hai)
40.04 -- 03/25/20 -- -- Euphrates
40.05 -- 03/26/20 -- -- Nasiriyeh
41.01 03/27/20 20 -- -- OIM -- Ur Junction FHB
41.02 -- 3/27/20 pm -- written on train below Sam‚wa
41.03 -- 03/28/20 -- -- Diw‚niya
41.04 -- 03/29/20 -- date rendered European style "29/3"
41.05 -- 03/30/20 -- -- Hillah, Babylon
41.06 -- 3/31/20 am -- -- Babylon
41.07 -- 3/31/20 pm -- -- Hillah
41.08 -- 04/01/20 -- -- Babylon
41.09 -- 4/2/20 am -- --
41.10 -- 4/2/20 pm -- -- Hillah
41.11 -- 04/04/20 -- -- Babylon
41.12 -- 04/05/20 -- -- Hillah
42.01 04/07/20 4 -- -- OIM double-sided Baghdad (Gen. Hambro's) FHB
42.02 -- 04/08/20 -- --
42.03 -- 4/9/20 am -- --
42.04 -- 4/9/20 pm -- --
42.05 -- 04/10/20 -- --
42.06 -- 04/12/20 -- --
43.00 04/13/20 1 -- X JRL cablegram requesting $50000; written in cipher with decrypted transcription below in pencil; pencilled notation, "see tel. Apr. 27, 1920" (= copy forwarded to JD Rockefeller II); attached is memo with list of 5 names as possible donors "Bagdad" [sic] Judson
44.01 04/13/20 12 -- -- OIM double-sided; contains many of JHB's hand-penned corrections & interlineations to typed text Kala`t Shirgat FHB
44.02 -- 4/14/20 am -- JHB carrying firearms Kala`t Shirgat (Gen. Fraser's)
44.03 -- 4/14/20 pm -- -- Mosul
44.04 -- 04/15/20 -- --
44.05 -- 04/16/20 -- date "April 15" [sic]
44.06 -- 04/18/20 -- --
44.07 -- 04/19/20 -- --
44.08 -- 04/20/20 -- -- Qiyarah (Guyyarah)
44.09 -- 04/21/20 -- -- Shirgat Rest Camp
44.10 -- 04/22/20 -- written on train Shirgat
44.11 -- 4/22/20 pm -- written on train; only time, "5:30 pm," at head of paragraph to denote new entry Baiji Station
44.12 -- 04/23/20 -- -- Baghdad (Willingdon Hostel)
45.01 04/25/20 4 -- -- OIM double-sided; 1st mention of Salihiya invitation Baghdad (Maj. Bowman's) FHB
45.02 -- 04/26/20 -- handwritten postscript after signature, enclosing separate notes to children & FHB
46.00 04/26/20 1 -- -- OIM handwritten on note paper (12.5x20 cm); enclosed with 4/25 letter; folded into 3rds with name on vso. Baghdad AB
47.00 04/26/20 1 -- -- OIM handwritten on note paper (12.5x20 cm); enclosed with 4/25 letter; folded into 3rds with name on vso. Baghdad JB, Jr.
48.01 04/26/20 2 -- -- OIM handwritten on note paper (12.5x20 cm); 2-sided; enclosed with 4/25 letter; folded into 3rds with name crammed on vso. Baghdad CB
48.02 -- 04/27/20 -- --
49.00 04/27/20 1 -- -- OIM touching "love letter"; handwritten on note paper (12.5x20 cm); enclosed with 4/25 letter; folded into 3rds with name on vso. Baghdad FHB
50.00 04/28/20 1 -- -- OIM only 1/2-page letter (typed) Baghdad FHB
51.01 04/29/20 19 -- -- OIM double-sided; 1 line to announce dinner Hit (post commander's tent) FHB
51.02 -- 04/30/20 -- entering dangerous war zone; very many of CB's corrections & deletions in blue & red pencil Upper Euphrates "above Haditha"
51.03 -- 4/30/20 pm -- -- "10 miles above Haditha"
51.04 -- 05/02/20 -- -- Anah (Capt. Shellswell's)
51.05 -- 05/04/20 -- "April" [sic]; excavating Salihiya protected by Indian troops Salihiya
51.06 -- 05/05/20 -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey; depart into noman's land Meyyadin
51.07 -- 05/06/20 -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey; captured by tribesmen Der el-Zor
51.08 -- 05/07/20 -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey; meeting Abu Hayyal tribe; warnings to the West Tibni (khan)
51.09 -- 5/8/20 am -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey Kishlak Ma'dan (khan)
51.10 -- 5/8/20 pm -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey Kishlak Sabkha (khan)
51.11 -- 05/09/20 -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey; "pig stye", very bad conditions el-Hammam (khan)
51.12 -- 05/11/20 -- Salihiya/Aleppo journey; incredibly filthy conditions Nahr el-Dahab (khan)
51.13 -- 5/12/20 am -- early arrival Aleppo; inventory of Mesopotamian artifacts purchased Aleppo (Baron's Hotel)
51.14 -- 5/12/20 pm -- military/political troubles in N. Syria (French vs. Turks)
51.15 -- 05/13/20 -- forwards cable to Chicago Tribune via H. Nelson, Beirut, reporting the first successful crossing of the desert by non-Arabs
51.16 -- 05/15/20 -- -- Kusseir
51.17 -- 5/16/20 noon -- -- Kusseir Station
51.18 -- 5/16/20 pm -- -- Baalbek
51.19 -- 05/18/20 -- handwritten section above signature Beirut (Nelson's house)
52.00 05/19/20 4 -- X JRL written on OI letterhead; report of Mesopotamian journey; acknowledge receipt of HPJ's forwarded cable confirming $$ for Asian purchases; pencilled notation, "Mrs. Breasted, please return to H.P.J." (sent to her to read); attached is FHB's note Beirut (Nelson's house) Judson
53.01 05/23/20 16 -- -- OIM Ali, houseboy; hand-penned postscript above salutation; notes he sent 4/29 letter registered Beirut (Nelson's house) FHB
53.02 -- 05/25/20 -- --
53.03 -- 05/26/20 -- --
53.04 -- 05/28/20 -- plan for return; mentions HPJ's cables to JHB, lost in transit Damascas (Palace Hotel)
53.05 -- 05/29/20 -- first meeting and dinner with King Faisal; warnings to the West
53.06 -- 05/30/20 -- --
53.07 -- 6/3/20 am -- written on train between Haifa & Jerusalem
53.08 -- 6/3/20 pm -- closing & signature followed by more typed sections--obviously letter could not be posted, so he resumed it. Jerusalem (Hotel Allenby)
53.09 -- 06/05/20 -- p. 14, hand-penned postscript in vertical & lower horizontal margins followed by signature
53.10 -- 6/10/20 am -- -- Cairo (Continental Hotel)
53.11 -- 6/10/20 pm -- contains Allenby's letter to British PM & foreign minister requesting they interview JHB
54.00 06/04/20 1 -- X JRL cablegram stating HJP's Baghdad cable received; wants $$; recount plans to return home Jerusalem (Hotel Allenby) Judson
55.01 06/15/20 5 -- -- OIM heavy CB corrections & editing; travels to England with Lady Allenby; Gen. Allenby charges JHB to report all in detail to PM and Foreign Minister; JHB receives diplomatic visas for Italy and France Port Said docks, Allenby's train FHB
55.02 -- 06/16/20 -- final instructions from Gen. Allenby on issues to report to British gov't. SS Mantua (Eastern Mediterranean)
55.03 -- 06/19/20 -- --
55.04 -- 06/20/20 -- mentions long letter to HPJ from Beirut; JHB plans to organize Mesopotamian Department of Antiquities for British SS Mantua (Marseille)
56.00 06/23/20 1 -- X JRL written on OI letterhead; report of JHB's final activities; plans to return via London to report to British gov't., then to Washington D.C. to report to Pres. Wilson and cabinet SS Mantua (Bay of Biscay) Judson
57.00 11/09/20 2 -- X CIT written on OI letterhead; report of expedition results Chicago Hale

Abbreviations
AB Astrid Breasted, young daughter of James H. Breasted
CB Charles Breasted, eldest son of James H. Breasted; author of Pioneer to the Past
CIT California Institute of Technology
EMA Mrs. Elizabeth M. Anderson, Greenwich, Connecticut, benefactor of the Oriental Institute
FHB Frances H. Breasted, wife of James H. Breasted
Hale Prof. George Ellery Hale, Ph.D., astronomer; friend of James H. Breasted
HPJ Prof. Harry Pratt Judson, Ph.D., President of the University of Chicago
JB, Jr. James Breasted, Jr., youngest son of James H. Breasted
JHB Prof. James Henry Breasted, Ph.D., Director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
JRL John Regenstein Library of the University of Chicago, Special Collections (Presidents' Papers)
Judson Prof. Harry Pratt Judson, President of the University of Chicago
OI Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
OIM Oriental Institute Museum of the University of Chicago
X Letter is not included in Pioneer to the Past.

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