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Selected Bibliography

© 2017 Peter A. Piccione
All rights reserved.

Bibliographical entries are listed here first by general subject areas then by author. Click on any subject area in the list.

    Subject Areas:
  1. Ancient Egypt: General References and Encyclopedias
  2. General Egyptian Histories
  3. Historiography of Ancient Egypt
  4. Individual Historical Topics
  5. Translations and Anthologies of Texts and Literature

  6. Geography and Environment of the Nile Valley:
    a. The Nile, Water, Hydrology and Irrigation
    b. Geography, Geoarchaeology and Landscape Archaeology
    c. Cities, Places and Locations
    d. Climate and Weather Patterns
    e. Catastrophes, Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions
    f. Mining and Quarrying
    g. Miscellaneous Environmental Issues, Histories, etc.

  7. Land, Agriculture, Food and Agrarian Economy
  8. Astronomy, Calendars and Time-Keeping
  9. Art, Architecture and Environment
  10. Science, Technology, Materials and Transportation

  11. Nubia and the Kingdom of Kush
  12. Ethnology and Ethnological Issues: Egypt and Nubia
  13. Religion: General and Topical Studies
  14. Translations of Religious Texts
  15. Magic and Magical Practices
  16. Funerary Beliefs and Practices
  17. Temples, Priesthoods, Cult Practices and Temple Economy

  18. Kingship and the Royal Theology
  19. Akhenaten, Amarna and the Aten Religion
  20. Ethics, Morality and Wisdom Literature
  21. Games, Sports and Athletics
  22. Law and Legal Issues (incl. Crime and Punishment)
  23. Literacy, Writing and Education

  24. Society and Social Institutions
  25. Women: Social Status and Position
  26. Sex and Sexuality
  27. Slaves and Slavery

  28. Medicine and Medical Magic
  29. Warfare and Military History

For a variety of essays on the topic of Egyptian history, society, culture, and archaeology, see Jack M. Sasson, editor, Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, four volumes (New York, Scribner, 1995-); (located on the reference shelves of the campus Library).

Ancient Egypt: General References and Encyclopedias

Baines, J. and Malek, J. Atlas of Ancient Egypt. New York: Facts on File, 1980.

Bard, K., editor. Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. London and New York: Routledge, 199.

Cambridge Ancient History. Eight volumes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Volume 1, part 1, Prolegomena and Prehistory, ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. 1970.
Volume 1, part 2, Early History of the Middle East, ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. 1971.
Volume 2, part 1, History of the Middle East and the Aegean Region c. 1800-1380 B.C., ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. 1973.
Volume 2, part 2, History of the Middle East and the Aegean Region c. 1380-1000 B.C., ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. 1975.
Volume 3, part 1, The Prehistory of the Balkans; and the Middle East and the Aegean World, Tenth to Eight centuries B.C., ed. J. Boardman et al. 1982.
Volume 3, part 2, The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries B.C., ed. J. Boardman et al. 1991.

Cambridge History of Africa. Eight volumes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Volume 1, From the Earliest Times to c. 500 B.C., ed. J. D. Clark. 1982.
Volume 2, From c. 500 B.C. to A.D. 1050, ed. J. D. Fage. 1978.

Gauthier, H. Dictionnaire des noms géographiques contenus dans les textes hiéroglyphiques. Seven volumes. Cairo: Société Royale de Géographie d'Égypte, 1925-1931.

Gardiner, A. H. Ancient Egyptian Onomastica. Three volumes. London: Oxford University Press, 1947. Reprinted 1968.

Lexikon der Ägyptologie, eds. Helck, W., E. Otto and W. Westendorf. Seven volumes. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1975-1989. (This is the professionals' encyclopedia of ancient Egypt. Some articles are in English, while others are in German or French. Use German and French dictionaries to look up foreign words. Even if you do not read German or French, all articles contain highly useful bibliographies.)

Manley, Bill. The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Egypt. London: Penguin Books, 1996.

Meyers, Eric M., editor. Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Ancient Near East. Five volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Montet, P. Géographie de l'Égypte ancienne. Two volumes. Paris, Librairie C. Klincksieck, 1957, 1961.

The Oriental Institute. "Catalog of Publications: Egyptian Civilization." The Oriental Institute of The University of Chicago. http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/pubs/catalog/egypt.html. Accessed November 3013. (Free download of all Oriental Institute publications on Egypt since 1922).

The Oriental Institute. "Catalog of Publications: Nubian Civilization." The Oriental Institute of The University of Chicago. http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/pubs/catalog/nubia.html. Accessed November 3013. (Free download of all Oriental Institute publications on ancient Nubia since 1967).

Redford, D. B. Pharaonic Kinglists, Annals and Day-Books: A Contribution to the Study of the Egyptian Sense of History. Mississauga: Benben Publications, 1986.

Redford, Donald B., editor. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Sasson, Jack M., editor. Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. Four volumes. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.



General Histories

Aldred, C. The Egyptians. Third edition, revised and updated by Aidan Dodson. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998.

Bagnall, R. S. Egypt in Late Antiquity. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Bowman, A. K. Egypt after the Pharaohs. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986.

Brewer, Douglas J. and Emily Teeter. Egypt and the Egyptians. Second edition, revised. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. First edition, 1999.

Emery, W. B. Archaic Egypt. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1961.

Gardiner, A. H. Egypt of the Pharaohs: An Introduction. Oxford Paperbacks No. 85. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961, 1964.

Grajetzki, W. The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History, Archaeology and Society. Duckworth Egyptology Series. London: Gerald Duckworth & Company, 2006.

Grimal, N. A History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1992. Paper edition, 1994.

Harris, J. R., editor. The Legacy of Egypt. Second edition, revised. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Hayes, W. C. The Scepter of Egypt: A Background for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Two volumes. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Volume 1, From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. 1953
Volume 2, The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom. 1959.

Hoffman, M. Egypt Before the Pharaohs: The Historical Foundations of Egyptian Civilization. Revised edition. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991.

Ikram, S. Ancient Egypt; An Introduction. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Kemp, B. Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization. London: Routledge, 1989.

Kemp, B. J. "Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period in Egypt." In The Cambridge History of Africa. Vol. 1, From the Earliest Times to c. 500 BC, ed. J. D. Clark, 658-769. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Kitchen, K. A. The Egyptian Nineteenth Dynasty. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1977.

Kitchen, K. A. Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd., 1982.

Kitchen, K. A. The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-650 B.C.). Third edition, revised with new Preface and Supplement. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd., 1995.

Murnane, W. "The History of Ancient Egypt: An Overview." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. Volumes 2, part 5, ed. J. M. Sasson, 691-717. New York: Scribner, 1995.

O'Connor, D. "Egypt, 1552-664 BC." In The Cambridge History of Africa. Vol. 1, From the Earliest Times to c. 500 BC, ed. J. D. Clark, 830-939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Quirke, S. and Spencer, J. The British Museum Book of Ancient Egypt. London: Thames and Hudson, 1992.

Thompson, D. J. Memphis under the Ptolemies. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988

Trigger, B. G. "The Rise of Civilization in Egypt." In The Cambridge History of Africa. Vol. 1, From the Earliest Times to c. 500 BC, ed. J. D. Clark, 478-547. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Trigger, B. G., Kemp, B. J., O' Connor, D., Lloyd, A. B. Ancient Egypt: A Social History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Reprinted 2006.

Van der Mieroop, M. The Eastern Mediterranean in the Age of Ramesses II. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007.

Wilson, J. A. The Culture of Ancient Egypt. Chicago: Phoenix Books, The University of Chicago Press, 1956. (First published as The Burden of Egypt).

Wilson, J. A., The Burden of Egypt: An Interpretation of Ancient Egyptian Culture. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951.



Historiography of Ancient Egypt

Dawson, W. R and E. P. Uphill. Who Was Who in Egyptology. Third edition, revised by M. L. Bierbrier. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1995.

James, T. G. H. "Rediscovering Egypt of the Pharaohs." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. Volume 4, ed. J. M. Sasson, 2753-2764. New York: Scribner, 1995.

Matthews, R. and Roemer, C. eds. Ancient Perspectives on Egypt. Encounters with Ancient Egypt Series. London: University College London Press, 2003.

Piccione, P. A. "Introduction," Ancient Records of Egypt, by James Henry Beasted 1, The First through the Seventeenth Dynasties. Pp. xxix-xliii. Reprint. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2001.

Tait, J., ed. 'Never Had the Like Occurred': Egypt's View of its Past. Encounters with Ancient Egypt Series. London: University College London Press, 2003.

Wilson, J. A. "James Henry Breasted: The Idea of an Oriental Institute." In Near Eastern Achaeology in the Twentieth Century: Essays in Honor of Nelson Glueck, ed. J. A. Sanders, 41-56. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.

WILSON, J. A., Signs and Wonders upon Pharaoh. A History of American Egyptology. Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press, 1964.



Individual Historical Topics

Bietak, M. "Minoan Wall-Paintings Unearthed at Ancient Avaris." Egyptian Archaeology 2 (1992): 26-28.

Bietak, M. and Marinatos, N. "The Minoan Wall Paintings from Avaris." Ägypten und Levante 5 (1995): 49-62.

Bryan, Betsy M. The Reign of Thutmose IV. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Cline, E. H. "Amenhotep III and the Aegean: A Reassessment of Egypto-Aegean Relations in the 14th Century B.C." Orientalia, N.S. 56 (1987): 1-36.

Cohen, R. and Westbrook, R., eds. Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnnigs of International Relations. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

de Bono, P. "The Prehistory of the Nile Valley." In General History of Africa (Abridged Edition). Volume 2, Ancient Civilizations of Africa, ed. G. Mokhtar, 274-283. London: J. Curry for UNESCO, 1990.

Hankey, V. "Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant." Egyptian Archaeology 3 (1993): 27-29.

Kantor, H. J. "The Relative Chronology of Egypt and Its Foreign Correlations before the Late Bronze Age." In Chronologies in Old World Archaeology, ed. R. W. Ehrich, 1-46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Lehner M., et al. "Dating the Pyramids." Archaeology 52/5 (1999): 26-33.

Murnane, W. J. Ancient Egyptian Coregencies. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 40. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1977.

Murnane, W. The Road to Kadesh: An Historical Interpretation of the Battle Reliefs of King Sety I at Karnak. 2nd ed., rev. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilizations 42. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1990.

O'Connor, David B. and Cline, Eric H., editors. Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1997.

Oren, E., editor. The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives. University Museum Monograph 96. University Museum Symposium Series 8. Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1997.

Wachsmann, S. Aegeans in the Theban Tombs. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 20. Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 1987.



Translations and Anthologies of Texts and Literature

Breasted, J. H. Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Tiimes to the Persian Conquest. Introduction by Peter A. Piccione. Five volumes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1906-1907. Reprinted, Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2001.
Volume 1, The First through the Seventeenth Dynasties.
Volume 2, The Eighteenth Dynasty.
Volume 3, The Nineteenth Dynasty.
Volume 4, The Twentieth through the Twenty-sixth Dynasties.
Volume 5, Supplementary Bibliographies and Indices. Supplementary Bibliographies by Peter A. Piccione. Previously titled, Indices (1907).
Caminos, R. A. Late Egyptian Miscellanies. London: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Collier, M and Quirke, S. The UCL Lahun Papyri: Religious, Literary, Legal, Mathematical and Medical. BAR International Series 1209. London: Archaeopress, 2004.

Davies, B. G. Egyptian Historical Inscriptions of the Nineteenth Dynasty. Documenta Mundi, Aegyptiaca 2. Coronet Books, 1997.

Edgerton, W. F. and Wilson, J. A. The Historical Records of Ramses III: The Texts in Medinet Habu Volumes I and II. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 12. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1936.

Foster, J. L. Ancient Egyptian Literature: An Anthology. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001.

Foster, J. L. Echoes of Egyptian Voices: An Anthology of Ancient Egyptian Poetry. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

Foster, J. L. Hymns, Prayers and Songs: An Anthology of Egyptian Lyric Poetry. SBL Writings from the Ancient World. Volume 8. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995.

Frood, E. Biographical Texts from Ramessid Egypt, ed. J. Baines. SBL Writings from the Ancient World. Volume 26. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 2007.

Gardiner, A. H. Ancient Egyptian Onomastica. Three volumes. London: Oxford University Press, 1947. Reprinted 1968.

Gardiner, Alan H. The Royal Canon of Turin. Oxford: Oxford University Press for the Griffith Institute, 1959.

Hallo, W., editor. The Context of Scripture: Canonical Compositions, Monumental Inscriptions, and Archival Documents from the Biblical World. Three volumes. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1977-2002.
Volume 1, Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World, 1977.
Volume 2, Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World, 2000.
Volume 3, Archival Documents from the Biblical World, 2002.

Lichtheim, M. Ancient Egyptian Literature: A Book of Readings. Three volumes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975-1980.
Volume 1, The Old and Middle Kingdoms. 1975.
Volume 2, The New Kingdom. 1976.
Volume 3, The Late Period. 1980.

Malek, Jaromir. "The Annals of Amenemhet II." Egyptian Archaeology 2 (1992): 18.

McDowell, A. G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Moran, W. The Amarna Letters. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Murnane, W. J. Texts from the Amarna Period in Egypt. SBL Writings from the Ancient World. Volume 5. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995.

Parkinson, R. B. Poetry and Culture in Middle Kingdom Egypt: A Dark Side to Perfection. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2002.

Parkinson, R. B. Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Parkinson, R. B. The Tale of Sinuhe: and Other Ancient Egyptian Poems 1940-1640 B.C. Oxford World's Classics. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Parkinson, R. B. Voices from Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Middle Kingdom Writings. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

Peden, A. J. Egyptian Historical Inscriptions of the Twentieth Dynasty. Documenta Mundi, Aegyptiaca 3. Paul Aströms, 1994.

Peden, A. J. The Graffiti of Pharaonic Egypt: Scope and Roles of Informal Writings (c.3100-332 BC). Probleme der Ägyptologie 17. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2001.

Pritchard, J. B., editor. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950, 1955.

Quirke, S. Egyptian Literature 1800BC: Questions and Readings. Rev ed. GHP Egyptology. Golden House Publications, 2004.

Ritner, R. K. The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt's Third Intermediate Period, ed. Edward Wente. SBL Writings from the Ancient World. Volume 21. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 2009.

Simpson, W. K., editor. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions, and Poetry. New Edition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.

Simpson, W. K., editor. The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions, Stelae, Autobiographies, and Poetry. Third Edition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

Smith, H. S. and Smith A. "The Kamose Texts." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 103 (1976): 59-62.

Strudwick, N.C. Texts from the Pyramid Age, ed. R. Leprohon. SBL Writings from the Ancient World. Volume 16. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 2005.

Wente, E. F. Letters from Ancient Egypt, ed. Edmund Meltzer. SBL Writings from the Ancient World Series. Volume 1. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990.



Geography and Environment of the Nile Valley

a. The Nile, Water, Hydrology and Irrigation

Atzler, M. "Some Remarks on Interrelating Environmental Changes and Ecological, Socio-economic Problems in the Gradual Development of the Early Egyptian Inundation Culture." Archéo-Nil 5 (1995): 7-65.

Baer, K. "Land and Water in Ancient Egypt." Paper presented to the 28th International Congress of Orientalists. Special Congress Seminar A: Irrigation Civilizations, January 1971, Canberra. International Congress of Orientalists, 1971.

Baines, J. "The Inundation Stela of Sebekhotpe VIII." Acta Orientalia 36 (1974): 39-54.

Baines, J. "The Sebekhotpe VIII Inundation Stela: An Additional Fragment." Acta Orientalia 37 (1976): 11-20.

Baumann, S. "Die Beschreibung der Nilflut in der Nilkammer von Edfu." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 139/1 (2012): 1-18.

Beckerath, J. von. "The Nile Level Records at Karnak and Their Importance for the History of the Libyan Period (Dynasties XXII and XXIII)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 5 (1966): 49-55.

Bell, B. "Climate and the History of Egypt: The Middle Kingdom." American Journal of Archaeology 79 (1975): 224-269.

Bell, B. "The Dark Ages in Ancient History: The First Dark Age in Egypt." American Journal of Archaeology 75 (1971): 1-26.

Bell, B. "The Oldest Records of the Nile Floods." The Geographical Journal 136 (1970): 569-573.

Bellinger, J. "How the Success of the Ancient Egyptians Depended on Plants." In Pharmacy and Medicine in Ancient Egypt: Proceedings of the Conferences Held in Cairo (2007) and Manchester (2008), ed. J. Cockitt and R. David, 11-14. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010.

Bickel, S.. "The Inundation Inscription in Luxor Temple." In The Libyan Period in Egypt: Historical and Cultural Studies into the 21st-24th Dynasties. Proceedings of a Conference at Leiden University, 25-27 October 2007, ed. G. P. F. Broekman, R. J. Demarée, and O. E. Kaper, 51-55. Leiden and Leuven: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten; Peeters, 2009.

Bunbury, J. M., A. Graham and M. A. Hunter. "Stratigraphic Landscape Analysis: of the Nile at Karnak through Ancient Egyptian Time." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 23, no. 3 (2008); 351-373.

Butzer, K. W. Early Hydraulic Civilization in Egypt: A Study in Cultural Ecology. Prehistoric Archaeology and Ecology Series. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.

Butzer, K. W. "Geoarchaeological Implications of Recent Research in the Nile Delta." In Egypt and the Levant: Interrelations from the 4th Through the Early 3rd Millennium BCE, ed. E. C. M. van den Brink, and T. E. Levy 83-97. London and New York: Leicester University Press, 2002.

Butzer, K. W. "Irrigation." In Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Volume 2, ed. D. Redford, 183-188. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Butzer, K. W. "Late Quaternary Problems of the Egyptian Nile: Stratigraphy, Environments, Prehistory." Paléorient 23, no. 2 (1997): 151-173.

Butzer, K. W. "Long-Term Nile Flood Variation and Political Discontinuities in Pharaonic Egypt." In From Hunters to Farmers, ed. J. D. Clarke and S. Brandt, 102-12. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Butzer, K. W. "Nil" [in English]. Lexikon der Ägyptologie 1, eds. W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorf, 480-484. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1975.

Butzer, K. W. "The Nile." In Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Volume 2, ed. D. Redford, 543-551. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Butzer, K. W. "Perspectives on Irrigation Civilization in Pharaonic Egypt." In Immortal Egypt, ed. D. Schmandt-Besserat, 13-18. Malibu, CA: Undena Publications, 1978.

Collins, R. O. The Waters of the Nile: An Annotated Bibliography. London: Hans Zell Publishers, 1991.

Connor, D. and Marks, A. "The Terminal Pleistocene on the Nile: The Final Nilotic Adjustment." In End of the Palaeolithic in the Old World, ed. L. G. Straus, 171-98. BAR Int'l. Series, no. 284. 1986.

Dégardin, J.-Cl. "Khonsou et l'eau dans son temple de Karnak." In Les problèmes institutionnels de l'eau en Égypte ancienne et dans l'antiquité méditerranéenne: colloque AIDEA Vogüé 1992, ed. B. Menu, 131-139. Bibliothèque d'Étude 110. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 1994.

Delvaux, L. "Hatshepsout et le Gebel es-Silsileh: les carrières d'une reine dangereuse." In Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Egyptologists, Cambridge 3-9 September 1995, ed. C. J. Eyre, 317-324. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 82. Leuven: Peeters, 1998.

Eyre, C. "Agricultural Cycle, Farming, and Water Management." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. M. Sasson, 175-190. Volume 1. New York: Scribner, 1995.

el-Gamili, M. M. et al. "Defunct Nile Branches Inferred from a Geoelectric Resistivity Survey on Samannud Area, Nile Delta, Egypt." Journal of Archaeological Science (2001): 28,1339-1348.

Gabolde, M. "L'inondation sous les pieds d'Amon." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 95 (1995): 235-258.

Garbrecht, G. "Sadd-el-Kafara: The World's Oldest Large Dam." International Water Power and Dam Construction 37 (July 1985): 71-76.

Ghilardi, M. and M. Boraik. "Reconstructing the Holocene Depositional Environments in the Western Part of Ancient Karnak Temples Complex (Egypt): A Geoarchaeological Approach." Journal of Archaeological Science 38/12 (December 2011): 3204-3216.

Grove, A. T. "Geomorphic Evolution of the Sahara and the Nile." In The Sahara and the Nile: Quarternary Environments and Prehistoric Occupation in Northern Africa, ed. M. A. J. Williams and H. Faure, 7-16. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1980.

Habachi, L. "A High Inundation in the Temple of Amenre at Karnak in the Thirteenth Dynasty." Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 1 (1974): 207-214.

Hassan, F. "Climate Change, Nile Floods and Riparia." In Riparia dans l'empire romain: Pour la définition du concept. Proceedings of the Quebec Seminar, 29 - 31 October 2009, ed. E. Hermon, 131-150. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010.

Hassan, F. "The Dynamics of a Riverine Civilization: A Geoarchaeological Perspective on the Nile Valley." World Archaeology 29, no. 1 (1997): 51-74.

Hassan, F. "Historical Nile Floods and Their Implications for Climatic Change." Science 212 (5 June, 1991): 1142-1145.

Hassan, F. "Nile Floods and Political Disorder in Early Egypt." In Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse, ed. H. N. Dalfes, G. Kukla, and H. Weiss, 1-23. Heidelberg: Springer, 1997.

Haynes, C. V. and H. Haas, "Radiocarbon Evidence for Holocene Recharge of Groundwater, Western Desert, Egypt." Radiocarbon 22 (1980): 705-717.

Hillier, J. K., J. M. Bunbury and A. Graham. "Monuments on a Migrating Nile." Journal of Archaeological Science 34 (2007): 1011-1015.

Huddlestun, J. R. "'Who Is This That Rises Like the Nile?' Some Egyptian Texts on the Inundation and a Prophetic Trope." In Fortunate the Eyes That See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday, ed. A. B. Beck et al., 338-363. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1995

Hühnerfuss, K., A. von Bohlen and D. Kurth. "Characterization of Pigments and Colors Used in Ancient Egyptian Boat Models." Spectrochimica Acta Part B61 (2006): 1224-1228.

Issar, A. S. Water Shall Flow from the Rock: Hydrology and Climate in the Lands of the Bible. Berlin: Springerverlag, 1990.

Janssen, J. J. "The Water Supply of a Desert Village." Bulletin Medelhavsmuseet 14 (1979): 9-15.

Ludwig, E. The Nile: The Life-Story of a River Translated by Mary H. Lindsay. New York: The Viking Press, 1937.

Oestigaard, T. Horus' Eye and Osiris' Efflux: the Egyptian Civilisation of Inundation c. 3000-2000 BCE. BAR International Series 2228. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2011.

Quintanar, J. et al. "Remote Sensing, Planform, and Facies Analysis of the Plain of Tineh, Egypt for the Remains of the Defunct Pelusiac River." Sedimentary Geology 297 (2013): 16-30.

Rzóska, J., ed. The Nile: Biology of an Ancient River. Monographiae Biologicae 29. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk B.V., 1976.

Said, R. The River Nile: Geology, Hydrology and Utilization, Oxford and New York: Pergamon Press, 1993.

Schenkel, W. Die Bewässerungsrevolution im Alten Ägypten. Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Kairo. Mainz/Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1978.

Schnitter, N. J. "The Ancient Civilizations: The Nile Valley." Extract of chapter in A History of Dams: The Useful Pyramids, 1-7. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 1994.

Stanley, J.-D. and Warne, A. G. "Sea Level and Initiation of Predynastic Culture in the Nile Delta." Nature 363 (3 June 1993): 435-38.

Stanley, J.-D., M. D. Krom, R. A. Cliff and J. C. Woodward. "Short Contribution: Nile Flow Failure at the End of the Old Kingdom, Egypt: Strontium Isotopic and Petrologic Evidence." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 18/3 (2003): 395-402.

Thompson, D. J. "Irrigation and Drainage in the Early Ptolemaic Fayyum." In Agriculture in Egypt: From Pharaonic to Modern Times, ed. A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, 107-122. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Tillier, A. "Notes sur l'icherou." Égypte Nilotique et Méditerranéenne 3 (2010): 167-176.

Traunecker, Cl. "Les rites de l'eau à Karnak d'après les textes de la rampe de Taharqa." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 72 (1972): 195-236.

Vercoutter, J. "Les inscriptions rupestres de Semna et Koumma: une mise au point." Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 21 (1994): 321-324.

Williams, M. A. J. and Williams, F. M. "Evolution of the Nile Basin." In The Sahara and the Nile: Quarternary Environments and Prehistoric Occupation in Northern Africa, ed. M. A. J. Williams and H. Faure, 207-224. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1980.

Zaghloul, E. A. et al. "Detection of Ancient Irrigation Canals of Deir el-Hagar Playa, Dakhla Oasis, Egypt, Using Egyptsat-1 Data." The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (2013): __.


b. Geography, Geoarchaeology and Landscape Archaeology

Baz, F. el-. The Geology of Egypt. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1984.

Baz, F. el-. "Geoarchaeological Evidence of the Relationships Between the Terminal Drought in North Africa and the Rise of Ancient Egypt.." In Egyptology at the Dawn of the Twenty-first Century: Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Egyptologists, Cairo, 2000. Volume 1, ed. Z. Hawass and L. P. Brock, 64-72. Cairo and New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2003..

Butzer, K. W. "Archaeology and Geology in Ancient Egypt." In New Roads to Yesterday: Essays in Archaeology. Articles from Science, ed. J. R. Caldwell, 210-227. New York: Basic Books; London: Thames and Hudson, 1966.

Butzer, K. W. "Contributions to the Pleistocene Geology of the Nile Valley." Erdkunde: Archiv für Wissenschaftliche Geographie 13 (1959): 46-67.

Butzer, K. W. "Delta." In Lexikon der Ägyptologie 1, eds. W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorf, 1043-52. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1975.

Butzer, K. W. Environment and Archeology: An Introduction to Pleistocene Geography. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1954.

Butzer, K. W. "Geographie." In Lexikon der Ägyptologie 2, eds. W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorf, 525-530. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1977.

Butzer, K. W. "Pleistocene History of the Nile Valley in Egypt and Lower Nubia." In The Sahara and the Nile: Quaternary Environments and Prehistoric Occupation in Northern Africa, ed. M. A. J. Williams and H. Faure, 253-280. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 1980.

Butzer, K. W. "Some Recent Geological Deposits in the Egyptian Nile Valley." The Geographical Journal 125 (1959): 75-79.

Butzer, K. W. and C. L. Hansen. Desert and River in Nubia: Geomorphology and Prehistoric Environments at the Aswan Reservoir. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1968.

Cílek, V. et al. "Diachronic Development of the Lake of Abusir During the Third Millennium BC, Cairo, Egypt." Quaternary International 266 (2012): 14-24.

Dupuis, C. et al. "Genesis and Geometry of Tilted Blocks in the Theban Hills Near Luxor (Upper Egypt)." Journal of African Earth Sciences 61 (2011): 245-267.

Fenwick, H. "Ancient Roads and GPS Survey: Modelling the Amarna Plain." Antiquity 302 (2004): 880-885.

Ghilardi, M. and Y. Tristant. "Geoarchaeology of Egypt and the Mediterranean: Reconstructing Holocene Landscapes and Human Occupation History." Quaternary International 266 (2012): 1-3.

Haas, H. et al. "Radiocarbon Chronology and the Historical Calendar in Egypt." In Chronologies du Proche Orient [Chronologies in the Near East]. Relative Chronologies and Absolute Chronology, 16,000-4,000 B.P. C.N.R.S. International Symposium, Lyon (France), 24-28 November 1986. Part 2, ed. O. Aurenche, J. Evin, F. Hours, 585-606. BAR International Series 379 (Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen, Archaeological Series 3). Oxford: Archaeopress, 1987.

Hassan F. A. and S. W. Robinson. "High-precision Radiocarbon Chronometry of Ancient Egypt, and Comparisons with Nubia, Palestine and Mesopotamia." Antiquity 61 (1987): 119-135.

Herbich, T. "Geophysical Methods and Landscape Archaeology." Egyptian Archaeology 41 (2012): 11-14.

Hoffman, M. "The Two Lands: An Ecological Perspective." Chapter in Egypt Before the Pharaohs: The Historical Foundations of Egyptian Civilization, 23-32. Rev. ed. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991.

Kemp, B. "An Ancient Nile Harbor: University Museum Excavations at the "Birket Habu'." International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 3, no. 1 (1974): 101-136.

Kees, H. Ancient Egypt: A Cultural Topography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Love, S. "Stones, Ancestors, and Pyramids: Investigating the Pre-pyramid Landscape of Memphis." In The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology: Proceedings of the Conference Held in Prague, May 31 - June 4, 2004, ed. M. Bárta,. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague, 2006.

Moshier, O. and A. el-Kalani. "Late Bronze Age Paleogeography Along the Ancient Ways of Horus in Northwest Sinai, Egypt." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 23, no. 4 (2008): 450-473.

Moulin, B. and H. Béatrice Huber. "Kôm el-Ahmar/Saruna (Vallée du Nil, Moyenne-Égypte): Les rapports de la géoarchéologie à la compréhension du site. Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Kairo 65 (2009): 271-302.

Nicoll, K. "Recent Environmental Change and Prehistoric Human Activity in Egypt and Northern Sudan." Quaternary Science Reviews 23, nos. 5-6 (2004), 561-580.

Ramisch, A. W. Bebermeier, K. Hartmann, B. Schütta and N. Alexanian. "Fractals in Topography: Application to Geoarchaeological Studies in the Surroundings of the Necropolis of Dahshur, Egypt." Quaternary International 266 (2012): 34-46.

Rossi, G. A. and Rodenbeck, M. Egypt, Gift of the Nile: An Aerial Portrait. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1992. (A sumptuous feast for the eyes, probably the best photographic study of the Nile Valley yet published!).

Said, R. The Geology of Egypt. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1962.

Said, R., ed. The Geology of Egypt. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 1990.

Sampsell, B. M. A Traveler's Guide to the Geology of Egypt. Cairo. The American University in Cairo Press, 2003.

van Wesemael, B. and Pieter Dirksz. The Relation Between the Natural Landscape and the Spatial Distribution of Archaeological Remains: A Geo-archaeological Survey in an Area North of Faqus, Eastern Nile Delta, Egypt. Rapport. Fysisch-Geografisch en Bodemkundig Laboratorium Universiteit van Amsterdam 24. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, Department of Physical Geography and Soil Science, 1986.


c. Cities, Places and Locations

Butzer, K. W., E. Butzer and S. Love. "Urban Geoarchaeology and Environmental History at the Lost City of the Pyramids, Giza: Synthesis and Review." Journal of Archaeological Science 40/8 (August 2013): 3340-3366.

Fakhry, A. The Oases of Egypt. Two volumes: Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1973-1974.
Volume 1, Siwa Oasis (1973).
Volume 2, Bahriya and Farafra Oases (1974).

Gardiner, A. H. Ancient Egyptian Onomastica. Three volumes. London: Oxford University Press, 1947. Reprinted 1968.

Gauthier, H. Dictionnaire des noms géographiques contenus dans les textes hiéroglyphiques. Seven volumes. Cairo: Société Royale de Géographie d'Égypte, 1925-1931.

Hassanein, A. The Lost Oases. London: Thornton Butterworth, Ltd., 1925. Reprinted, Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2006.

Kemp, B. "Temple and Town in Ancient Egypt." In Man, Settlement and Urbanism, eds. P. J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G. W. Dimbleby, 657-80. London: Duckworth & Co., 1972.

Lehner, M. "Capital Zone Walk-about 2006: Spot Height on the Third Millennium Landscape." In Giza Plateau Mapping Project, Seasons 2006-2007: Preliminary Report, ed., M. Lehner, M. Kamel, and A. Tavares, 97-152. Boston: Ancient Egypt Research Associates, 2009.

Montet, P. Géographie de l'Égypte ancienne. Two volumes. Paris, Librairie C. Klincksieck, 1957, 1961.

Nims, C. F. "Another Geographical List from Medinet Habu." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 38 (1952): 34-45.

Nims, C. F. "Places about Thebes." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 14 (1955): 110-123.

Nims, C. F. Thebes of the Pharaohs: Pattern for Every City. London, Elek Books and Toronto: The Ryersen Press, 1965.

O'Connor, David. "The Geography of Settlement in Ancient Egypt." In Man, Settlement and Urbanism, eds. P. J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G. W. Dimbleby, 681-98. London: Duckworth & Co., 1972.

Quirke, S. Lahun: a Town in Egypt 1800 BC, and the History of Its Landscape. Egyptian Sites. London: Golden House, 2005.

Ramisch, A. W. Bebermeier, K. Hartmann, B. Schütta and N. Alexanian. "Fractals in Topography: Application to Geoarchaeological Studies in the Surroundings of the Necropolis of Dahshur, Egypt." Quaternary International 266 (2012): 34-46.

Riefstahl, E. Thebes in the Time of Amunhotep III. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1964.

Smith, H. S. "Society and Settlement in Ancient Egypt." In Man, Settlement and Urbanism, eds. P. J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G. W. Dimbleby, 705-20. London: Duckworth & Co., 1972.

Stanley, J.-D., R. W. Carlson, G. Van Beek, T. F. Jorstad and E. A. Landau. "Alexandria, Egypt, Before Alexander the Great: A Multidisciplinary Approach Yields Rich Discoveries." GSA Today 17, no. 8 (August 2007): 4-10.

Strudwick, N. and Strudwick, H. Thebes in Egypt: A Guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Trampier, J. "Reconstructing the Desert and Sown Landscape of Abydos." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 42 (2005-2006): 73-80.

Vivian, C. Islands of the Blest: A Guide tio the Oases and Western Desert of Egypt. Maadi, Egypt: International Publications Ltd. and Trade Routes Enterprises, 1990.

Vivian, C. The Western Desert of Egypt: An Explorer's Handbook. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2000.

Willems, H. "The Physical and Cultic Landscape of the Northern Nile Delta According to Pyramid Texts Utterance 625." In "Parcourir l'éternité": Hommages à Jean Yoyotte. Volume 2, ed. C. Zivie-Coche and I. Guermeur, 1097-1107. Turnhout: Brepols, 2012.

Wilson, P. "The Ancient Landscape Around Lake Burullus." Egyptian Archaeology 41 (2012): 18-20.


d. Climate and Weather Patterns

Bubenzer, O. and R. Riemer. "Holocene Climatic Change and Human Settlement Between the Central Sahara and the Nile Valley: Archaeological and Geomorphological Results." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 22, no. 6 (2007): 607-620.

Butzer, K. W. "Klima." In Lexikon der Ägyptologie 3, eds. W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorf, 455-457. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 198_.

Butzer, K. W. "Sociopolitical Discontinuity in the Near East C. 2200 B.C.E.: Scenarios from Palestine and Egypt." In Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse, ed. H. N. Dalfes, G. Kukla, and H. Weiss, 245-296. Heidelberg: Springer, 1997.

Dalfes, H. N., G. Kukla, and H. Weiss, eds. Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse. Heidelberg: Springer, 1997.

Hassan, F. "Historical Nile Floods and Their Implications for Climatic Change." Science 212 (5 June, 1991): 1142-1145.

Hassan, F. "Nile Floods and Political Disorder in Early Egypt." In Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse, ed. H. N. Dalfes, G. Kukla, and H. Weiss, 1-23. Heidelberg: Springer, 1997.

Haynes, C. V. et al. "Pluvial Lakes of North-Western Sudan." The Geographical Journal 145/3 (Nov., 1979),: 437-445.

Phillipps, R. et al. "Mid-Holocene Occupation of Egypt and Global Climatic Change." Quaternary International 251 (2012): 64-76.

Welc, F. and L. Marks. "Climate Change at the End of the Old Kingdom in Egypt Around 4200 BP: New Geoarchaeological Evidence." Quaternary International (2013): 1-10.


e. Catastrophes, Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions

Abdel-Haliem, M. E. F. et al. "Characterization of Streptomyces Isolates Causing Colour Changes of Mural Paintings in Ancient Egyptian Tombs." Microbiological Research 168 (2013): 428- 437.

Abdelnaby, A. E. and A. S. .Elnashai. "Integrity Assessment of the Pharos of Alexandria During the AD 1303 Earthquake." Engineering Failure Analysis 33 (2013): 119-138.

Ambraseys, N. N., P. Melville and R. D. Adam. The Seismicity of Egypt, Arabia and the Red Sea: A Historical Review. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2005.

Bigelow, R. C. "Time Trials: Implications of the Thera Volcano and Tel el-Dab'a for Egypt, Part 1." The Ostracon: The Journal of the Egyptian Study Society 16/1 (Winter 2004-2005): 15-20.

Davis, E. N. "A Storm in Egypt during the Reign of Ahmose." In Thera and the Aegean World III. Volume 3, Chronology, ed. D. A. Hardy and A. C. Renfrew, 232-35. London, 1990.

Foster, K. P., R. K. Ritner and B. R. Foster. "Texts, Storms, and the Thera Eruption." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 55 (1996): 1-14.

Goedicke, H. "The Chronology of the Thera/Santorin Explosion," in High, Middle or Low? Acts of the Second International Colloquium on Absolute Chronology, Schloß Haindorf/Langenlois, 12.-15. August 1990. Agypten und Levante 3 (1992): 57-62.

Liritzis I., C. Michael and R. B. Galloway. "A Significant Aegean Volcanic Eruption during the Second Millennium B.C. Revealed by Thermoluminescence Dating." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 11, no. 4 (1996): 361-371.

McCoy, F. W. and G. Heiken. "The Late Bronze Age Explosive Eruption of Thera (Santorini), Greece: Regional and Local Effects." Geographical Society of America Special Paper 345 (2000): 43-70.

McCoy, F. W. and G. Heiken. "Tsunami Generated by the Late Bronze Age Eruption of Thera (Santorini), Greece." Pure and Applied Geophysics 157 (2000): 1227-1256. Meltzer, E. S. "Earthquakes in Ancient Egypt With Emphasis on Upper Egypt." In Earthquake Activity and Dam Stability Evaluations for the Aswan High Dam, Egypt for the High and Aswan Dams Authority Ministry of Irrigation Arab Republic of Egypt. December 1985, Seismicity Studies of the Aswan Region. Volume 2, 251-273. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Woodward-Clyde Consultants, 1985.

Shaaban, A. el-A. "Ion Beam Analysis of Ancient Egyptian Wall Paintings." Vacuum 83 (2009): S4-S8.

Stanley, J.-D. and H. Sheng, "Volcanic Shards from Santorini (Upper Minoan Ash) in the Nile Delta, Egypt." Nature 320, no. 6064 (April 24-30, 1986): 733-735.

Sterba, J. H. "New Light on Old Pumice: the Origins of Mediterranean Volcanic Material from Ancient Egypt." Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (2009): 1738-1744.

Vandersleyen, C. "Une tempête sous le regne d'Amosis," Revue d'Egyptologie 19 (1967): 123- 59.

Vandersleyen, C. "Deux nouveaux fragments de la stele d'Amosis relatant une tempête," Revue d'Egyptologie 20 (1968): 127-34.

Wiener, M. H. and J. P. Allen. "Separate Lives: The Ahmose Tempest Stela and the Theran Eruption." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 57 (1998): 1-28.

Yurco, F. J. "End of the Late Bronze Age and Other Crisis Periods: a Volcanic Cause?" In Gold of Praise: Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente, ed. E. Teeter and J. A. Larson, 455-463. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization. Volume 58. Chicago: Oriental lnstitute, 199


f. Mining and Quarrying

Bloxam, E. "Miners and Mistresses: Middle Kingdom Mining on the Margins." Journal of Social Archaeology 6 (2) (2006): 277-303. URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1469605306064244.

Bloxam, E. "New Directions in Identifying the Significance of Ancient Quarry Landscapes: Four Concepts of Landscape." In Quarryscapes: Ancient Stone Quarry Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geological Survey of Norway, Special Publication 12, ed. N. Abu-Jaber et al., 165-183. Oslo: Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, 2009.

Botros, N. S. "A New Classification of the Gold Deposits of Egypt." Ore Geology Reviews 25 (2004): 1-37.

Brun, J.-P., J.-P. Deroin, T. Faucher et al. "Les mines d'or ptolámaïïques: résultats des prospections dans le district minier de Samut (désert Oriental)." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 113 (2013): 111-141.

Bedewi, M. A. el- and K. H. Abdel Kader. "A Geological View of the Ancient Egyptian Gold Mines." In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ancient Egyptian Mining & Metallurgy and Conservation of Metallic Artifacts, Cairo, 10-12 April 1995, ed. F. A. Esmael, 55-57. Cairo: Egyptian Antiquities Organization Press, 1995.

Castel, G., B. Mathieu, G. Pouit, et al. "Wadi Dara Copper Mines." In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ancient Egyptian Mining & Metallurgy and Conservation of Metallic Artifacts, Cairo, 10-12 April 1995, ed. F. A. Esmael, 15-31. Cairo: Egyptian Antiquities Organization Press, 1995.

Castiglioni, A., A. Castiglioni, and C. Bonnet. "The Gold Mines of the Kingdom of Kerma." In Between the Cataracts: Proceedings of the 11th Conference for Nubian Studies, Warsaw University, 27 August-2 September 2006. Part 2. Session Papers 1, eds. W. Godlewski and A. Latjar, 263-270. Warsaw: Warsaw University Press, 2010.

Cerný, J. The Inscriptions of Sinai from Manuscripts of Alan H. Gardiner and T. Eric Peet. Part II: Translations and Commentary. Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Society 45. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1955.

Harrell, J. A. "Mapping the Tura-Masara Limestone Quarries." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 52 (2016:: 199-214.

Harrell, J. A. and Brown, V. M., "The Oldest Surviving Topographical Map from Ancient Egypt (Turin Papyri 1879, 1899 and 1969)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 29 (1992): 81-106.

Harrell, J. A. and Brown, V. M., "The World's Oldest Surviving Geological Map: The 1150 B.C. Turin Papyrus from Egypt." Journal of Geology 100 (1992): 3-18.

Heldal, T. "Constructing a Quarry Landscape from Empirical Data: General Perspectives and a Case Study at the Aswan West Bank, Egypt." In Quarryscapes: Ancient Stone Quarry Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geological Survey of Norway, Special Publication 12, ed. N. Abu-Jaber et al., 125-153. Oslo: Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, 2009.

Heldal, T. et. al. "Gypsum Quarries in the Northern Faiyum Quarry Landscape, Egypt: A Geo-archaeological Case Study." In Quarryscapes: Ancient Stone Quarry Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geological Survey of Norway, Special Publication 12, ed. N. Abu-Jaber et al., 51-66. Oslo: Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, 2009.

Hikade, T. "Economic Aspects of the New Kingdom: The Expeditions to the Copper Mines of the Sinai." The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 9 (1998): 43-52.

Klemm, D. and R. Klemm. "The Building Stones of Ancient Egypt: A Gift of its Geology." African Earth Sciences 33 (2001) 631-642.

Klemm, D., R. Klemm and A. Murr. "Gold of the Pharaohs-6000 Years of Gold Mining in Egypt and Nubia." African Earth Sciences 33 (2001): 643-659.

Klemm, R. and D. Klemm. Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia: Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts. Translated by Paul Larsen. Natural Science in Archaeology. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2013.

Köhler, E. Christiana, Elizabeth Hart and M. Klaunzer. "Wadi el-Sheikh: A New Archaeological Investigation of Ancient Egyptian Chert Mines. PLoS ONE 12(2) (February 2, 2017): e0170840. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170840. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0170840. Accessed 3 March 2017.

Mallory-Greenough, L. M., J. D. Greenough and J. V. Owen "The Origin and Use of Basalt in Old Kingdom Funerary Temples." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 15, no. 4 (2000): 315-330.

Mallory-Greenough, L. M., J. D. Greenough and J. V. Owen. "The Stone Source of Predynastic Basalt Vessels: Mineralogical Evidence for Quarries in Northern Egypt." Journal of Archaeological Science 26 (1999): 1261-1272.

Meyer, C. "Bir Umm Fawakhir: Insights into Ancient Egyptian Mining." JOM Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 49/3 (1997): 64-67.

Nilsson, M. "Surveying the Sandstone Quarries of Gebel el Silsila." KMT 25/3 (2014): 34-43.

Rothenberg, B. Timna. Valley of the Biblical Copper Mines. New Aspects of Antiquity. London: Thames and Hudson, 1972.

Shaw, I. "Pharaonic Quarrying and Mining: Settlement and Procurement in Egypt's Marginal Regions." Antiquity 68/258 (1994): 108-119.

Shaw, I. "Surveying at the Edges of Egypt: The Archaeology of Pharaonic Mining and Quarrying." The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 4 (1993): 51-54.

Shaw, I. and R. Jameson. "Amethyst Mining in the Eastern Desert: A Preliminary Survey at Wadi el-Hudi." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 79 (1993): 81-97.


g. Miscellaneous Environmental Issues, Histories, etc.

Asensi Amorós, V. Geb: Geobotanical Bibliography of Egypt and Adjacent Countries for the Egyptologist. Triade Exploration, 2000.

Baines, J. and Malek, J. Atlas of Ancient Egypt. First edition. New York: Facts on File, 1980.

Butzer, K. W. "Environmental Change in the Near East and Human Impact on the Land." In Civilizations of the Ancient near East. Volume 1, ed. J. Sasson, 123-151. New York: Charles Scribner's, 1995.

Guo Dantong. "The Inscription of Amenemhet II from Memphis: Transliteration, Translation, and Commentary." Journal of Ancient Civilizations 14 (1999): 45-66.

Harrell, J. A. and Brown, V. M., "The Oldest Surviving Topographical Map from Ancient Egypt (Turin Papyri 1879, 1899 and 1969)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 29 (1992): 81-106.

Harrell, J. A. and Brown, V. M., "The World's Oldest Surviving Geological Map: The 1150 B.C. Turin Papyrus from Egypt." Journal of Geology 100 (1992): 3-18.

Harris, J. R. Lexicographical Studies in Ancient Egyptian Minerals. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1961.

Kees, H. Ancient Egypt: A Cultural Topography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Robinson, P. "The Ritual Landscapes of the Field of Hetep." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 34 (2007): 131-148.



Land, Agriculture, Food and Agrarian Economy

Allen, J. P. The Heqanakht Papyri. Publications of the Metropolitan Museum Egyptian Expedition 27. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2002.

Antoine, J.-C. "The Wilbour Papyrus Revisited: The Land and Its Localisation. An Analysis of the Places of Measurement." Studien zur AltÄgyptischen Kultur 40 (2011): 9-27.

Baer, K. "A Deed of Endowment in a Letter of the Time of Ppjj I." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache 93 (1966): 1-9.

Baer, K. "An Eleventh Dynasty Farmer"s Letters to His Family." Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1963): 1-19.

Baer, K. "The Low Price of Land in Ancient Egypt." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 1 (1962): 25-45.

Bleiberg, E. "The Economy of Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. Volume 3, ed. Jack M. Sasson, 1373-85. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward

Bleiberg, E. The Official Gift in Ancient Egypt. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Bleiberg, E. "The Redistributive Economy in New Kingdom Egypt: An Examination of b3kw(t)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 25 (1988): 157-68.

Bowman, A. K. and E. Rogan. "Agriculture in Egypt from Pharaonic to Modern Times." In Agriculture in Egypt: From Pharaonic to Modern Times, ed. A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, 1-32. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Caminos, R. A. Late Egyptian Miscellanies. London: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Clarke, J. D. and Brandt, S, editors. From Hunters to Farmers: The Causes and Consequences of Food Production in Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Close, A. "Living on the Edge: Neolithic Herders in the Eastern Sahara." Antiquity 64 (1990): 79-96.

Close, A., F. Wendorf, and R. Schild. "Patterned Use of a Middle Palaeolithic Landscape: Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara East, Eastern Sahara, Sahara 3 (1990): 21-34.

Darby, W. J, P. Ghalioungui and L. Grivetti. Food: The Gift of Osiris. Two volumes. New York and London: Academic Press, 1977.

Edgerton, W. F. "The Nauri Decree of Seti I: A Translation and Analysis of the Legal Portion." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 6 (1947): 219-30.

Eyre, C. J. "The Village Economy im Pharaonic Egypt." In Agriculture in Egypt: From Pharaonic to Modern Times, ed. A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, 33-60. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Gardiner, A. H. "Ramesside Texts Relating to the Taxation and Transport of Corn." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 27 (1941): 19-73.

Gardiner, A. H. "Some Reflections on the Nauri Decree." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 38 (1952): 24-33.

Gardiner, A. H. The Wilbour Papyrus. Four volumes. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum.
Volume 1, Plates. 1941.
Volume 2, Commentary. 1948.
Volume 3, Translation. 1948.
Volume 4, Index, ed. R. O. Faulkner. 1952.

Goedicke, H., editor. Studies in the Hekanakhte Papers. Baltimore: Halgo, Inc., 1984.

Griffith, F. Ll. "The Abydos Decree of Seti I at Nauri." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 13 (1927): 193-206.

Haaland, R. "Sedentism, Cultivation, and Plant Domestication in the Holocene Middle Nile Region." Journal of Field Archaeology 22/2 (Summer, 1995): 157-174.

Hassan, F. "Environment and Subsistence in Predynastic Egypt." In From Hunters to Farmers, ed. J. D. Clarke and S. Brandt, 57-64. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Hayes, W. C. A Papyrus of the Late Middle Kingdom in the Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum, 1955. Reprinted 1972.

James, T. G. H. The Hekanakhte Papers and Other Early Middle Kingdom Documents. Publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition 29. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1962.

Janssen, J. J. "Agrarian Administration in Egypt during the Twentieth Dynasty." Bibliotheca Orientalis 43 (1986): 351-66.

Janssen, J. J. Commodity Prices from the Ramessid Period, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1975.

Janssen, J. J. Grain Transport in the Ramesside Period: Papyrus Baldwin and Papyrus Amiens. London: British Museum Press 2004.

Janssen, J. J. "Prolegomena to the Study of Egypt's Economic History during the New Kingdom." Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 3 (1975): 127-85.

Janssen, J. J. "The Role of the Temple in the Egyptian Economy during the New Kingdom." In State and Temple Economy in the Ancient Near East. Volume 2, ed. E. Lipinski, 505-15. Leuven, 1979.

Janssen, J. J. "Die Struktur der pharaonischen Wirtschaft." Göttinger Miszellen 48 (1981): 59-77.

Janssen, J. J. Two Ancient Egyptian Ship's Logs. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1961.

Katary, S. L. D. "Land Tenure in the New Kingdom: The Role of Women, Smallholders and the Military." In Agriculture in Egypt: From Pharaonic to Modern Times, ed. A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, 61-82. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Kees, H. Ancient Egypt: A Cultural Topography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Leprohon, R. J. "Royal Ideology and State Administration in Pharaonic Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East 1, ed. Jack M. Sasson, 273-288. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Manning, J. G. "The Land Tenure Regime in Ptolemaic Upper Egypt." In Agriculture in Egypt: From Pharaonic to Modern Times, ed. A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, 83-105. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Manning, J. G. and Morris, I., eds. The Ancient Economy: Evidence and Models. Social Science History. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.

O'Connor, D. "The Social and Economic Organization of Ancient Egyptian Temples." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 1, 319-330. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Panagiotakopulua, E., P. Buckland and B. Kemp. "Underneath Ranefer's Floors: Urban Environments on the Desert Edge." Journal of Archaeological Science 37 (2010): 474-481.

Spalinger, A. J. "Notes on the Day Summary Accounts of P. Bulaq 18 and the Intradepartmental Transfers." Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 12 (1985): 179-241.

Spalinger, A. J. "Some Revisions of Temple Endowments in the New Kingdom." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 28 (1991): 21-40.

Warburton, D. State and Economy in Ancient Egypt: Fiscal Vocabulary of the New Kingdom. Orbis Biblicus Orientalis 151. Fribourg: Editions Universitaires Fribourg, 1997.

Wilkinson, A. The Garden in Ancient Egypt. London: The Rubicon Press, 1998.

Wilson, H. Egyptian Food and Drink. Shire Egyptology Series 9. Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, 1988.



Astronomy, Calendars and Time-keeping

Applegate, A. and N. Zedeño. "Site E-92-9: A Possible Late Neolithic Solar Calendar." In Holocene Settlement of the Egyptian Sahara. Volume 1, The Archaeology of Nabta Playa, ed. F. Wendorf and R. Schild, 463-467. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum 2001.

Beckerath, J. von. Chronologie des pharaonischens Ägyptens: Die Zeit bestimmung der ägyptischen Geschichte von der Vorzeit bis 332 v. Christ. Münchener Ägyptologische Studien. Volume 46. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1997.

Beckerath, J. von. "Ein Wunder des Amun bei der Tempelgründung in Karnak." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Kairo 37 (1981): 41-49.

Belmonte, J. A. "The Egyptian Calendar: Keeping Ma'at on Earth." In Search of Cosmic Order: Selected Essays on Egyptian Archaeoastronomy, ed. J. A. Belmonte and M. Shaltout, 77-131. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities Press, 2009.

Belmonte, J. A. and M. Shaltout, eds. In Search of Cosmic Order: Selected Essays on Egyptian Archaeoastronomy. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities Press, 2009.

Belmonte, J. A. and M. Shaltout. "On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples 2: New Experiments at the Oases of the Western Desert." Journal for the History of Astronomy 37 (2006): 173-192.

Belmonte, J. A., M. Shaltout, and M. Fekri. "The Ancient Egyptian Monuments and Their Relation with the Position of the Sun, Stars and Planets II: New Experiments at the Oases of the Western Desert." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte 80 (2006): 67-83.

Belmonte, J. A., M. Shaltout, and M. Fekri. "Astronomy and Landscape in Ancient Egypt: Challenging the Enigma of the Minor Step Pyramids." Trabajos de Egiptología - Papers on Ancient Egypt 4 (2005): 7-18.

Bennett, C. "Egyptian Lunar Dates and Temple Service Months." Bibliotheca Orientalis 65 (2008): 525-554.

Brophy, T. G. and P. A. Rosen. "Satellite Imagery Measures of the Astronomically Aligned Megaliths at Nabta Playa." Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 5/1 (2005): 15-24.

Casperson, L. W. "The Lunar Date of Ramesses II." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 47 (1988): 181-184.

Casperson, L. W. "The Lunar Dates of Thutmose III." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 45 (1986): 139-150.

Depuydt, L. Civil Calendar and Lunar Calendar in Ancient Egypt. Orientalia Lovaniensa Analecta 77. Leuven: Vitgeverij Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 1997.

Depuydt, L. "From Twice Helix to Double Helix: a Comprehensive Model for Egyptian Calendar History." Journal of Egyptian History 2, nos. 1-2 (2009): 115-147.

Depuydt, L. "The Function of the Ebers Calendar Concordance." Orientalia 65 (1996): 61-88.

Depuydt, L. "Sothic Chronology and the Old Kingdom." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 37 (2000): 167-186.

Fermor, J. "Timing the Sun in Egypt and Mesopotamia." Vistas in Astronomy 41, no. 1 (1991): 151-167.

Firneis, M. G. "Heliacal Sirius-dates and First Lunar Crescent Dates Depending on Geographical Latitude for the Use in Absolute Chronology." In The Synchronisation of Civilisations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Second Millennium B.C.: Proceedings of an International Symposium at Schloss Haindorf, 15th-17th of November 1996 and at the Austrian Academy, Vienna, 11th-12th of May 1998, ed. M. Bietak, 58-59. Contributions to the Chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean 1; Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie 19. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2000.

Gautschy, R. "Der Stern Sirius im Alten Ägypten." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 138 (2011): 116-131.

Gronewegen Frankfort, H. A. Arrest and Movement: An Essay on Space and Time in the Representational Art of the Ancient Near East. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Hornung, E. Untersuchungen zur Chronologie und Geschichte des Neuen Reiches. Ägyptologische Abhandlungen 2. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1964.

Hornung, E., R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton, eds. Ancient Egyptian Chronology, Handbuch der Orientalistik, Erste Abteilung: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten 83. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Hornung, E., R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton. "Methods of Dating and the Egyptian Calendar." In Ancient Egyptian Chronology, ed. E. Hornung, R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton, 45-51. Handbuch der Orientalistik, erste Abteilung: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten 83. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Ingham, M. F., "The Length of the Sothic Cycle," Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 58 (1969): 36-40.

Kitchen, K. A. "The Chronology of Ancient Egypt." World Archaeology 23/2 (October 1991): 201-208.

Krauss, R. "Egyptian Sirius/Sothic Dates and the Question of the Sothis-based Lunar Calendar." In Ancient Egyptian Chronology, ed. E. Hornung, R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton, 439-457. Handbuch der Orientalistik, erste Abteilung: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten 83. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Krauss, R. "The Eye of Horus and the Planet Venus: Astronomical and Mythological References. In Under One Sky: Astronomy and Mathematics in the Ancient Near East, ed. J. M. Steele and A. Imhausen, 193-208. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 297. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2002.

Krauss, R. "Lunar Dates." In Ancient Egyptian Chronology, ed. E. Hornung, R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton, 395-431. Handbuch der Orientalistik, erste Abteilung: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten 83. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Krauss, R. "Lunar Days, Lunar Months, and the Question of the 'Civil Based' Lunar Calendar." In Ancient Egyptian Chronology, ed. E. Hornung, R. Krauss, and D. A. Warburton, 386-391. Handbuch der Orientalistik, erste Abteilung: Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten 83. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Malville, J. M., R. Schild, F. Wendorf. and R. Brenmer. "The Astronomy of Nabta Playa." African Cultural Astronomy (2008): 131-144.

Malville, J. M., F. Wendorf, A. A. Mazar and R. Schild. "Megaliths and Neolithic Astronomy in Southern Egypt." Nature 392 (2 April 1998): 488-491.

Meza, A. I. "The Sun's Rays and the Divine Image of Ramesses II." In En quête de la lumière / In Quest of Light: Mélanges in honorem Ashraf A. Sadek, ed. A.-A Maravelia, 109-20. BAR International Series. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2009.

Neugebauer, O. and Parker, R. Egyptian Astronomical Texts. Three volumes. Brown Egyptological Studies. Providence and London: Brown University Press and Lund Humphries.
Vol. 1, The Early Decans. Brown Egyptological Studies 3. 1960.
Vol. 2, The Ramesside Star Clocks. Brown Egyptological Studies 5. 1964.
Vol. 3, Decans, Planets, Constellations and Zodiacs. Pt. 1, Text. Pt. 2, Plates. Brown Egyptological Studies 6. 1969.
Nolan, J. S. "Lunar Intercalations and 'Cattle Counts' During the Old Kingdom: The Hebsed in Context." In Chronology and Archaeology in Ancient Egypt (the Third Millennium B.C.), ed. H. Vymazalová and M. Bárta, 44-60. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague, 2008.

Parker, R. "The Calendars and Chronology." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 13-26. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Parker, R. The Calendars of Egypt. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 26. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1950.

Parker, R. "The Lunar Dates of Thutmose III and Ramesses II." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 16 (1957): 39-43.

Parker, R. "Sothic Dates and Calendar 'Adjustment.'" Revue d'Égyptologie 9 (1952): 101-108.

Parker, R. "Some Reflections on the Lunar Dates of Thutmose III and Ramesses II." In Studies in Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Sudan: Essays in Honor of Dows Dunham on the Occasion of His 90th birthday, June 1, 1980, ed. W. K. Simpson and W. M. Davis, 146-148. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1981.

Parker, R. "The Sothic Dating of the Twelfth and Eighteenth Dynasties." In Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes, ed. J. H. Johnson and E. F. Wente, 177-190. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 39. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1977.

Reese, R. L. "Midwinter Sunrise at Karnak." Sky and Telescope (March, 1992): 276-278.

Robins, G. "Mathematics, Astronomy, and Calendars in Pharaonic Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1799-1814. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

el-Sabban, S. Temple Festival Calendars of Ancient Egypt. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000.

Spalinger, A. "The Beginning of the Civil Calendar." In Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2010. Volume 2, M. Bárta et al., 723-735. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague, 2011.

Spalinger, A. "Egyptian Festival Dating and the Moon." In Under One Sky: Astronomy and Mathematics in the Ancient Near East, ed. J. M. Steele and A. Imhausen, 379-403. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 297. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2002.

Spence, K. "Establishing Direction in Early Egyptian Burials and Monumental Architecture: Measurement and the Spatial Link with the 'Other'." In The Archaeology of Measurement: Comprehending Heaven, Earth and Time in Ancient Societies, ed. I. Morley and C. Renfrew, 170-179. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Symons, S. "A Star's Year: the Annual Cycle in the Ancient Egyptian Sky." In Calendars and Years: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient Near East, ed. J. M. Steele, 1-33. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2007.

Toomer, G. J. "Mathematics and Astronomy." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 27-55. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Walsem, R. van. "Month-Names and Feasts at Deir el-Medina." In Gleanings from Deir el-Medina, ed. R. Demarée and Jac. Janssen, 215-44. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut, 1982.

Wells, R. A. "The Role of Astronomical Techniques in Ancient Egyptian Chronology: The Use of Lunar Month Lengths in Absolute Dating." In Under One Sky: Astronomy and Mathematics in the Ancient Near East, ed. J. M. Steele and A. Imhausen, 459-472. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 297. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2002.

Wendorf, F. and R. Schild. "Implications of Incipient Social Complexity in the Late Neolithic in the Egyptian Sahara." In Egypt and Nubia: Gifts of the Desert, ed R. Friedman, 13-20. London: British Museum Press, 2002.

Wente, E. F. "Thutmose III's Accession and the Beginning of the New Kingdom." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 34 (1975): 265-272.

Wente, E. F. and Van Siclen III, C. C. "A Chronology of the New Kingdom." In Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes, ed. J. H. Johnson and E. F. Wente, 217-262. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 39 Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1977.



Art, Architecture and Environment

Abdel-Haliem, M. E. F. et al. "Characterization of Streptomyces Isolates Causing Colour Changes of Mural Paintings in Ancient Egyptian Tombs." Microbiological Research 168 (2013): 428- 437.

Aldred, C. Egyptian Art in the Days of the Pharaohs. World of Art Series. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980. Reprinted, New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985.

Arnold, D. Building in Egypt: Pharaonic Stone Masonry. New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1991.

Badawy, Alexandre. A History of Egyptian Architecture. Three volumes.
Volume 1, From the Earliest Times to the End of the Old Kingdom. Giza: [by the author], 1954. Reprinted London: Histories & Mysteries of Man, Ltd., 1990.
Volume 2, The First Intermediate Period, the Middle Kingdom, and the Second Intermediate Period. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.
Volume 3, The Empire (The New Kingdom: From the Eighteenth Dynasty to the End of the Twentieth Dynasty). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968.

Bianchi, R. S. "The Theban Landscape of Rameses II." In Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Near East: Studies in Honour of Martha Rhoads Bell. Volume 1, ed., J. Phillips, 87-94. San Antonio: Van Siclen Books, 1997.

Edwards, I. E. S. The Pyramids of Egypt. 2d ed., rev. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, Ltd., 1961.

Frankfort, H. "The Origin of Monumental Architecture in Egypt." American Journal of Semitic Languages 58 (1941): 329-58.

Gronewegen Frankfort, H. A. Arrest and Movement: An Essay on Space and Time in the Representational Art of the Ancient Near East. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Hawass, Z. and Lehner, M. "The Passage under the Sphinx." In Hommages à Jean Leclant. Volume 1, ed. C. Berger, G. Clerc and N. Grimal, 201-15. Bibliothèque d'Etude 106/1. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 1994.

Hawass, Z. and Lehner, M. "The Sphinx: Who Built It and Why?" Archaeology (September/October 1994): 30-47.

Hornung, E. "Ancient Egyptian Religious Iconography." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1711-1730. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Lehner, M. The Complete Pyramids. London: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

[Metropolitan Museum of Art]. Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999.

Patch, D. C. "From Land to Landscape." In Dawn of Egyptian Art, ed. D. C. Patch, 20-81. New York and New Haven, CT: Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press, 2011.

Robins, G. The Art of Ancient Egypt. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Robinson, P. "The Ritual Landscapes of the Field of Hetep." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 34 (2007): 131-148.

Russmann, E. R. Egyptian Sculpture: Cairo and Luxor. Photographs by David Finn. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1989.

Schäfer, H. Principles of Egyptian Art, ed. E Brunner-Traut, transl. John Baines. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.

Shaaban, A. el-A. "Ion Beam Analysis of Ancient Egyptian Wall Paintings." Vacuum 83 (2009): S4-S8.

Smith, W. S. and Simpson, W. K. The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt, 2nd ed. rev. Pelican History of Art. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1981.

Wilkinson, R. H. Reading Egyptian Art: A Hieroglyphic Guide to Ancient Egyptian Painting and Sculpture. London: Thames and Hudson, 1992.

Wuest, R. A. J. and C. Schluechter. "The Origin of Soluble Salts in Rocks of the Thebes Mountains, Egypt: The Damage Potential to Ancient Egyptian Wall Art." Journal of Archaeological Science 27 (2000): 1161-1172.



Science, Technology, Materials and Transportation

Arnold, D. Building in Egypt: Pharaonic Stone Masonry. New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1991.

Bloxam, E. "New Directions in Identifying the Significance of Ancient Quarry Landscapes: Four Concepts of Landscape." In Quarryscapes: Ancient Stone Quarry Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geological Survey of Norway, Special Publication 12, ed. N. Abu-Jaber et al., 165-183. Oslo: Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, 2009.

Botros, N. S. "A New Classification of the Gold Deposits of Egypt." Ore Geology Reviews 25 (2004): 1-37.

Castiglioni, A., A. Castiglioni, and C. Bonnet. "The Gold Mines of the Kingdom of Kerma." In Between the Cataracts: Proceedings of the 11th Conference for Nubian Studies, Warsaw University, 27 August-2 September 2006. Part 2. Session Papers 1, eds. W. Godlewski and A. Latjar, 263-270. Warsaw: Warsaw University Press, 2010

Clagett, M. Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book 1, Knowledge and Order 2, Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society,1989.

Forbes, R. J. Studies in Ancient Technology. Four volumes. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955-1956.

Garbrecht, G. "Sadd-el-Kafara: The World's Oldest Large Dam." International Water Power and Dam Construction 37 (July 1985): 71-76.

Glanville, S. R. K. "Records of a Royal Dockyard of the Time of Thutmose III: Papyrus British Museum 10056." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 66 (1931-1932): 105-121, and 68 (1932): 7-41.

Hall, R. Egyptian Textiles. Shire Egyptology Series 4. Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, 1986.

Harrell, J. A. and Brown, V. M., "The Oldest Surviving Topographical Map from Ancient Egypt (Turin Papyri 1879, 1899 and 1969)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 29 (1992): 81-106.

Harrell, J. A. and Brown, V. M., "The World's Oldest Surviving Geological Map: The 1150 B.C. Turin Papyrus from Egypt." Journal of Geology 100 (1992): 3-18.

Harris, J. R. Lexicographical Studies in Ancient Egyptian Minerals. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1961.

Harris, J. R. "Technology and Materials." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 83-111. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Hatton, G. D., A. J. Shortland, and M. S. Tite. "The Production Technology of Egyptian Blue and Green Frits from Second Millennium BC Egypt and Mesopotamia." Journal of Archaeological Science 35 (2008): 1591-1604.

Heldal, T. "Constructing a Quarry Landscape from Empirical Data: General Perspectives and a Case Study at the Aswan West Bank, Egypt." In Quarryscapes: Ancient Stone Quarry Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geological Survey of Norway, Special Publication 12, ed. N. Abu-Jaber et al., 125-153. Oslo: Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, 2009.

Heldal, T. et. al. "Gypsum Quarries in the Northern Faiyum Quarry Landscape, Egypt: A Geo-archaeological Case Study." In Quarryscapes: Ancient Stone Quarry Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Geological Survey of Norway, Special Publication 12, ed. N. Abu-Jaber et al., 51-66. Oslo: Norges Geologiske Undersokelse, 2009.

Hodges, Henry. Technology in the Ancient World. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1992.

Jones, D. Model Boats from the Tomb of Tut'ankhamun. Tutankhamun's Tomb Series 9. Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1990.

Klemm, D. and R. Klemm. "The Building Stones of Ancient Egypt: A Gift of its Geology." African Earth Sciences 33 (2001) 631-642.

Klemm, D., R. Klemm and A. Murr. "Gold of the Pharaohs-6000 Years of Gold Mining in Egypt and Nubia." African Earth Sciences 33 (2001): 643-659.

Klemm, R. and D. Klemm. Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia: Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts. Translated by Paul Larsen. Natural Science in Archaeology. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2013.

Köhler, E. Christiana, Elizabeth Hart and M. Klaunzer. "Wadi el-Sheikh: A New Archaeological Investigation of Ancient Egyptian Chert Mines. PLoS ONE 12(2) (February 2, 2017): e0170840. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170840. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0170840. Accessed 3 March 2017.

Lipke, P. The Royal Ship of Cheops. BAR International Series. No. 225. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Littauer, M. A. and J. H. Crouwel. Chariots and Related Equipment from the Tomb of Tut'ankhamun. Tutankhamun's Tomb Series 8. Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1985.

Lucas, A. Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, 4th ed., rev. by J. R. Harris. London: Edward Arnold Ltd., 1962. Reprinted London: Histories and Mysteries of Man Ltd., 1989.

Mallory-Greenough, L. M., J. D. Greenough and J. V. Owen "The Origin and Use of Basalt in Old Kingdom Funerary Temples." Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 15, no. 4 (2000): 315-330.

Mallory-Greenough, L. M., J. D. Greenough and J. V. Owen. "The Stone Source of Predynastic Basalt Vessels: Mineralogical Evidence for Quarries in Northern Egypt." Journal of Archaeological Science 26 (1999): 1261-1272.

Malville, J. M., R. Schild, F. Wendorf and R. Brenmer. "The Astronomy of Nabta Playa." African Cultural Astronomy - Current Archaeoastronomy anid Ethnoastronomy Research in Africa (2008): 131-144.

Nicholson, P. T. and Shaw, I., eds. Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology. Three parts. Part 1, Inorganic Materials. Part 2, Organic Materials. Part 3, Food Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Partridge, R. B. Transport in Ancient Egypt. London: Rubicon Press, 1996.

Ritter, J. "Measure for Measure: Mathematics in Egypt and Mesopotamia." In A History of Scientific Thought: Elements of a History of Science. Edited by Michel Serres, 44-72. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1995.

Robins, G. and Shute, C. The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus: An Ancient Egyptian Text. London: British Museum Press, 1987, 1998.

Sandor, B. I. "The Rise and Decline of The Tutankhamun-class Chariot." Oxford Journal of Archaeology 23, no. 2 (2004): 153-175.

Schnitter, N. J. "The Ancient Civilizations: The Nile Valley." Extract of chapter in A History of Dams: The Useful Pyramids, 1-7. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 1994.

Schulman, A. R. "Chariots, Chariotry and the Hyksos." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 10/2 (1980): 105-153.

Schulman, A. R. "The Egyptian Chariotry: a Reexamination." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 2 (1963): 75-98.

Toomer, G. J. "Mathematics and Astronomy." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 27-55. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Uda, M. et al. "'Amarna Blue' Painted on Ancient Egyptian Pottery." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B189 (2002): 382-386.

Vinson, S. Egyptian Boats and Ships. Shire Egyptology Series 20. Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, UK: Shire Publications, 1994.

Ward, C. A. "Boatbuilding in Ancient Egypt." In The Philosophy of Shipbuilding: Conceptual Approaches to the Study of Wooden Ships, eds. F. M. Hocker and C. A. Ward, 13-24. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Ward, C. A. Sacred and Secular: Ancient Egyptian Ships and Boats. Archaeological Institute of America Monographs, New Series. No. 5. Philadelphia, University Museum for the Archaeological Institute of America, 2000.

Winlock, H. E. Models of Daily Life in Ancient Egypt from the Tomb of Meket-Re' at Thebes. Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition 18. Cambridge: Metropolitan Museum of Art by Harvard University Press, 1955.



Nubia and the Kingdom of Kush

Adam, S. "The Importance of Nubia: A Link Between Central Africa and the Mediterranean." In General History of Africa (Abridged Edition). Volume 2, Ancient Civilizations of Africa, ed. G. Mokhtar, 141-47. London: J. Curry for UNESCO, 1990

Adams, W. Y. "Doubts About the Lost Pharaohs." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 44 (1985): 185-192.

Adams, W. Y. "The Ballana Kingdom and Culture: Twilight of Classical Nubia." In Africa and Africans in Antiquity, ed. E. M. Yamauchi. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001.

Adams, W. Y. "Geography and the Population of the Nile Valley." In Africa in Antiquity: The Arts of Ancient Nubia and the Sudan, ed. S. Wenig, 16-25. Volume 1, The Essays. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum, 1978

Adams, W. Y. "The Kingdom and Civilization of Kush in Northeast Africa." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. Jack M. Sasson 2, 775-90. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward

Adams, W. Y. Nubia, Corridor to Africa. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.

Arkell, A. J. A History of the Sudan to A.D. 1821. Second edition. London: Athlone Press, 1961.

Bailey, S. "Circumcision and Male Initiation in Africa." In Egypt in Africa, ed., T. Celenko, 88-89. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Bakr, M. "The Relationship between the C-Group, Kerma, Napatan and Meroitic Cultures." Kush 13 (1965): 261-264.

Bard, K. A. and R. Fattovich. "Some Remarks on the Processes of State Formation in Egypt and Ethiopia." In Africa and Africans in Antiquity, ed. E. M. Yamauchi. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001.

Bell, L. "Ancestor Worship and Divine Kingship in the Ancient Nile Valley." In Egypt in Africa, ed., T. Celenko, 56-58. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Bonnet, C. "The Archaeological Excavations at Kerma (Northern State, Sudan): Recent Discoveries, 1996-1998." In Nubian Studies 1998: Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the International Society of Nubian Studies, August 21-26, 1998, Boston, Massachusetts, ed. T. Kendall, 237-241. Boston: Northeastern University, 2004.

Bonnet, C. "The Archaeological Mission of the University of Geneva to Kerma (Sudan): Final Report Following the 1998-1999 Excavation Season." Kush 18 (1998-2002): 35-44.

Bonnet, C. "A-Group and pre-Kerma." In Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile, ed. D. Wildung, 37-39. Paris: Flammarion, 1997.

Bonnet, C. "C-Group." In Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile, ed. D. Wildung, 51-52. Paris: Flammarion, 1997.

Bonnet, C. "The Funerary Traditions of Middle Nubia." In Recent Research in Kushite History and Archaeology: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference for Meroitic Studies, ed. D. Welsby, 1-17. London: British Museum, 1999.

Bonnet, C. "Kerma." In Ancient Nubia: African Kingdoms on the Nile, ed. M. Fisher et al., 304-309. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2012.

Bonnet, C. "The Kingdom of Kerma." In Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile, ed. D. Wildung, 89-95. Paris: Flammarion, 1997.

Bonnet, C. "Upper Nubia from 3000 BC to 1000 BC." In Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, ed. W. V. Davies, 112-117. London: British Museum Publications, 1991.

Bonnet, C. and Valbelle, D. "The Classic Kerma Period and the Beginning of the New Kingdom." In The Second Intermediate Period (Thirteenth-Seventeenth Dynasties): Current Research, Future Prospects, ed. M. Marée;e, 359-365. Leuven: Peeters, 2010.

de Bono, "The Prehistory of the Nile Valley." In General History of Africa (Abridged Edition). Volume 2, Ancient Civilizations of Africa, ed. G. Mokhtar, 274-283. London: J. Curry for UNESCO, 1990 Bourriau, J. "Relations Between Egypt and Kerma During the Middle and New Kingdoms." In Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, ed. W. V. Davies, 129-144. London: British Museum Publications, 1991.

Bradbury, L. "Following Tuthmosis I on His Campaign to Kush." KMT: A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt 3/3 (Fall 1992): 51-59, 76-77.

Brovarski, E. J. "Hor-aha and the Nubians." Serapis 4 (1977-1978), 1-2.

Burstein, S. M., ed. Ancient African Civilizations: Kush and Axum. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2009.

Burstein, S. M. "The Kingdom of Meroe." In Africa and Africans in Antiquity, ed. E. M. Yamauchi. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001.

Cambridge History of Africa. Eight volumes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Caminos, Ricardo A. Semna-Kumma. Volume 1. The Temple of Semna. Archaeological Survey of Egypt 37. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1998.

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Dunham, D. and Janssen, J. M. A. Second Cataract Forts. Part 2. Uronarti Shelfak Mirgissa. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1967.

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Emery, W. B. Egypt in Nubia. London, Hutchinson & Co, 1965.

Emery, W. B., Smith, H. S. and Millard, A. The Fortress of Buhen: The Archaeological Report. Excavations at Buhen 1. Excavation Memoir 49. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1979.

Fisher, M., Lacovara, P., D'Auria, S. and Ikram, S. Ancient Nubia: African Kingdoms on the Nile. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2012.

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Heidorn, L. A. "The Saite and Persian Period Forts at Dorginarti." In Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, ed. W. V. Davies, 205-219. London: British Museum Publications, 1991.

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Klemm, R. and D. Klemm. Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia: Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts. Translated by Paul Larsen. Natural Science in Archaeology. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2013.

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Liszka, K. "We Have Come from the Well of Ibhet: Ethnogenesis of the Medjay." Journal of Egyptian History 4 (2011): 149-171.

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Morkot, R. G. The Black Pharaohs: Egypt's Nubian Rulers. London: The Rubicon Press, 2000.

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O'Connor, D. Ancient Nubia: Egypt's Rival In Africa. Philadelphia: University Museum, 1993; Ann Arbor: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 1993.

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Reisner, G. A. "Note on the Harvard-Boston excavations at El-Kurruw and Barkal in 1918-1919." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 6 (1920): 61-64.

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Ricke, H., Hughes, G. R. and Wente, E. F. The Beit el-Wali Temple of Ramesses II. Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.

Russmann, E. R. "Egypt and the Kushites: Dynasty XXV." In Africa and Africans in Antiquity, ed. E. M. Yamauchi. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001.

Saady, Hassan el-. "Egypt in Nubia During the Reign of Seti I." In Ramesside Studies in Honour of K. A. Kitchen, ed. M. Collier and S. Snape, 433-437. Bolton: Rutherford, 2011.

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Säve-Söderbergh, T. "The Nubian Kingdom of the Second Intermediate Period." Kush 4 (1956): 54-61.

Säve-Söderbergh, T. "Teh-Khet: The Cultural and Socio-political Structure of a Nubian Princedom in Tuthmoside Times." In Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, ed. W. V. Davies, 186-190. London: British Museum Publications, 1991.

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Sherif, N. M. "Nubia Before Napata (-3100 to -750)." In General History of Africa (Abridged Edition). Volume 2, Ancient Civilizations of Africa, ed. G. Mokhtar, 140-160. London: J. Curry for UNESCO, 1990.

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Smith, H. S. and Smith A. "The Kamose Texts." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache 103 (1976): 59-62.

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Smith, S. T. Askut in Nubia. The Economics and Ideology of Egyptian Imperialism in the Second Millennium B.C. Studies in Egyptology. London and New York, Kegan Paul International, 1995.

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Smith, S. T. "A Model for Egyptian Imperialism in Nubia." Göttinger Miszellen 122 (1991): 77-102.

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Smith, S. T. Wretched Kush: Ethnic Identities and Boudaries in Egypt's Nubian Empire. London: Routledge, 2003.

Smither, P. "The Semnah Dispatches." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 31 (1945): 3-10.

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Török, L. The Birth of an Ancient African Kingdom: Kush and Her Myth of the State in the First Millennium B.C.. Cahiers de Recherches de l'Institut de Papyrologie et d'Égyptologie de Lille, Supplement, n. 4. Lille: Université Charles-de-Gaulle, 1995.

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Trigger, B. G. "La Candace, personnage mystérieux dans un royaume nubien dont l'écriture demeure hermétique," Archéologia 77 (December 1974): 10-17. Trigger, B. G. History and Settlement in Lower Nubia. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 69. New Haven: Yale University, 1965.

Trigger, B. G. The Late Nubian Settlement at Arminna West. Publications of the Pennsylvania-Yale Expedition to Egypt 2. New Haven and Philadelphia: Peabody Museum of Natural History of Yale University and University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1967.

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Trigger, B. G. Nubia Under the Pharaohs. Ancient Peoples and Places. London: Thames and Hudson, 1976.

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Valbelle D. and Bonnet, C.The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2007.

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Williams, B. B. Excavations at Serra East, Parts 1-5: A-Group, C-Group, Pan Grave, New Kingdom, and X-Group Remains from Cemeteries A-G and Rock Shelters. Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 10. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1993.

Williams, B. B. Excavations Between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Frontier, Part 1: The A-Group Royal Cemetery at Qustul, Cemetery L. Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 3. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1986.

Williams, B. B. Excavations Between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Frontier, Parts 2, 3, and 4: Neolithic, A-Group, and Post A-Group Remains from Cemeteries W, V, S, Q, T, and a Cave East of Cemetery K. Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 4. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1989.

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Williams, B. B. Excavations Between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Frontier, Part 8: Meroitic Remaíns from Qustul Cemetery Q, Ballana Cemetery B, and a Ballana Settlement, with a contribution by N. B. Millet. Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 8. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1991.

Williams, B. B. Excavations Between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Frontier, Part 9: Noubadian X-Group Remains from Royal Complexes in Cemeteries Q and 219 and Private Cemeteries Q, R, V, W, B, J, and M at Qustul and Ballana. Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition 9. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1991.

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Ethnology and Ethnological Issues: Egypt and Nubia

Bard, K. "Ancient Egyptians and the Issue of Race." In Black Athena Revisited, ed. M. R. Lefkowitz and G. M. Rogers, 103-11. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Batrawi, A. "The Racial History of Egypt and Nubia, Part I." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 75 (1945): 81-101.

Batrawi, A. "The Racial History of Egypt and Nubia, Part II." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 76 (1946): 131-56.

Berry, A. C. and Berry, R. J. "Origins and Relations of the Ancient Egyptians Based on a Study of Non-metrical Variations in the Skull." In Population Biology of the Ancient Egyptians, ed., D. R. Brothwell and B. A. Chiarelli, 199-208. New York, 1973.

Berry, A. C., Berry, R. J. and Ucko, P. J. "Genetical Changes in Ancient Egypt." Man n.s. 2 (1967): 551-68.

Brace, C. L., Tracer, D. B., Yaroch, L. A., Robb, J., Brandt, K. and Nelson, A. R. "Clines and Clusters Versus 'Race': A Test in Ancient Egypt and the Case of a Death on the Nile." Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 36 (1993): 1-31. Reprinted in Black Athena Revisited, ed. M. Lefkowitz and G. M. Rogers, 129-64. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Brothwell, D. R. and B. A. Chiarelli, eds. Population Biology of the Ancient Egyptians. New York, 1973.

[Devisse, J.] "Report on the Symposium on 'The Peopling of Ancient Egypt and the Deciphering of Meroitic Script.'" In General History of Africa (Abridged Edition). Volume 2, Ancient Civilizations of Africa, ed. G. Mokhtar, 33-61. London: J. Curry for UNESCO, 1990.

Diagne, P. "History, Linguistics and Theories on 'Races' and History of Africa." In General History of Africa (Abridged Edition). Volume 2, Methodology and African Prehistory, ed. Joseph Ki-Zerbo , _-103. London: J. Curry for UNESCO, 1990.

Ehret, C., Keita, S. O. Y., and Newman, P. "The Origins of Afroasiatic." Science 306 (3 December 2004): 1680-1681.

Fadhlaoui-Zid, K. et al. "Mitochondrial DNA Structure in North Africa Reveals a Genetic Discontinuity in the Nile Valley." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 145 (2011): 107-117.

Johnson, Andrew L. and Lovell, Nancy C. "Biological Differentiation at Predynastic Naqada, Egypt: An Analysis of Dental Morphological Traits." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 93/4 (April 1994): 427-33.

Johnson, Andrew L. and Lovell, Nancy C. "Dental Morphological Evidence for Biological Continuity between the A-Group and C-Group Periods in Lower Nubia," International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 5 (1995): 368-76.

Keita, S. O. Y. "Explanation of the Pattern of P49a,f TaqI RFLP Y-Chromosome Variation in Egypt." African Archaeological Review 22/2 (June 2005): 61-75.

Keita, S. O. Y. "The Persistence of Racial Thinking, and the Myth of Racial Divergence." American Anthropologist 99 (1997): 534-544.

Keita, S. O. Y. "Studies and Comments on Ancient Egyptian Biological Relationships." History in Africa 20 (1993): 129-154.

Keita, S. O. Y. and A. J. Boyce, "The Geographical Origins and Population Relationships of Early Ancient Egyptians." In Egypt in Africa, ed., T. Celenko, 23-24. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Keita, S. O. Y. and A. J. Boyce, "Variation in Porotic Hyperostosis in the Royal Cemetery Complex at Abydos, Upper Egypt: A Social Interpretation." Antiquity 80 (2006): 64-73.

Keita, S. O. Y., Kittles, R. A., Royal, C. D. M. et al. "Conceptualizing Human Variation." Nature Genetics Supplement 36/11 (November 2004): S17-S20.

Leahy, A. "Ethnic Diversity in Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East 1, ed. Jack M. Sasson, 225-234. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Nielsen, O. V. "Population Movements and Changes in Ancient Nubia with Special Reference to the Relationship Between C-group, New Kingdom and Kerma." In Population Biology of the Ancient Egyptians, ed., D. R. Brothwell and B. A. Chiarelli, 31-46. New York, 1973.

Prowse, Tracy L. and Lovell, Nancy C., "Biological Continuity between the A- and C-Groups in Lower Nubia: Evidence from Cranial Non-metrical Traits." International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 5 (June, 1995): 103-114.

Snowden, Jr., F. M. Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Snowden, Jr., F. M. "Bernal's 'Blacks and the Afrocentrists." In Black Athena Revisited, ed. M. Lefkowitz and G. M. Rogers, 112-128. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Snowden, Jr., F. M. "Bernal's 'Blacks,' Herodotus and Other Classical Evidence." Arethusa, Special Issue: The Challenge of Black Athena (Fall, 1989): 97-109.

Snowden, Jr., F. M. Blacks in Antiquity; Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience. Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press, Harvard University Press, 1970.

Trigger, B. "Nubian, Negro, Black, Nilotic?" In Africa in Antiquity: The Arts of Ancient Nubia and the Sudan, ed. S. Wenig, 26-35. Volume 1, The Essays. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum, 1978.

Valbelle, D. and Bonnet, C. The Nubian Pharaohs: Black Kings on the Nile. Cairo and New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2006.

Yurco, F. "Were the Ancient Egyptians Black or White?" Biblical Archaeology Review (Sept/Oct, 1989): 24-29, 58.



Religion: General and Topical Studies

Allam, S. "Legal Aspects in the Contendings of Horus and Seth." In Studies in Pharaonic Religion and Society in Honour of J. Gwyn Griffiths, ed. A. B. Lloyd, 137-45. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1992.

Allen, J. P. Genesis in Ancient Egypt: The Philosophy of Ancient Egyptian Creation Accounts. Yale Egyptological Studies 2. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Allen, J. P. et al. Religion and Philosophy in Ancient Egypt. Yale Egyptological Studies 3. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Assmann, J. Egyptian Solar Religion in the New Kingdom: Re, Amun and the Crisis of Polytheism. London: Kegan Paul, 1995.

Assmann, J. Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Bleeker, C. J. Egyptian Festivals: Enactments of Religious Renewal. Studies in the History of Religions 13. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1967.

Bleeker, C. J. Hathor and Thoth. Studies in the History of Religion 26. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1973.

Davis, W. "The Ascension-Myth in the Pyramid Texts." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 36 (1977): 161-79.

Derchain, Ph. "Symbols and Metaphors in Literature and Representations of Private Life." Royal Anthropological Institute Newsletter 15 (1976): 7-10

van Dijk, Jac. "Myth and Mythmaking in Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1697-1710. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Frankfort, H. Kingship and the Gods: A Study of Ancient Near Eastern Religion as the Integration of Society ad Nature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

Frankfort, H., Frankfort, H. A., Wilson, J. A. and Jacobsen, T. The Intellectual Adventure of Man: An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946. Reprinted as Before Philosophy: The Intellectual Adventure of Man. Baltimore: Pelican (Penguin Books), 1949.

Germond, Philippe. Sekhmet et la protection du monde. Aegyptiaca Helvetica 9. Geneva: Editions de Belles-Lettres, 1981.

Griffiths, J. G. Triads and Trinity. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1996.

Guilmot, M. Les initiés et les rites initiatiques en Égypte ancienne. Paris: Éditions Robert Laffont, 1977.

Hornung, E. Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt. Translated by J. Baines. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982.

Hornung, E. "The Discovery of the Unconscious in Ancient Egypt." Spring: An Annual of Archetypal Psychology and Jungian Thought 1986 (1986): 16-28.

Lorton, D. "The Theology of Cult Statues in Ancient Egypt." In Born in Heaven, Made on Earth: The Making of the Cult Image in the Ancient Near East, ed. M. B. Dick, 123-210. Winona Lake: Eisenbraun's, 1999.

Morenz, S. Egyptian Religion. Boston: Methuen & Co., 1973.

Pinch, G. Votive Offerings to Hathor. Oxford: Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, 1993.

Plutarch De Iside et Osiride. Edited and translated by J. Gwyn Griffiths. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1970.

Quirke, S. Ancient Egyptian Religion. London: British Museum, 1992.

Schafer, B. E. Religion in Ancient Egypt: Gods, Myths and Personal Practice. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Sweeney D. "Gender and Oracular Practice in Deir el-Medina." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 135 (2008): 154-164.

Szpakowska, K. M. "The Perception of Dreams and Nightmares in Ancient Egypt: Old Kingdom to Third Intermediate Period." Doctoral thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 2000.

Szpakowska, K. M., ed. Through A Glass Darkly: Magic, Dreams and Prophecy in Ancient Eygpt. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, 2006.

Teeter, E. The Presentation of Maat: Ritual and Legitimacy in Ancient Egypt. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 57. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1997.

Wente, E. "Hathor at the Jubilee." In Studies in Honor of John A. Wilson, 83-91. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 35. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Wente, E. "Mysticism in Pharaonic Egypt?" Journal of Near Eastern Studies 41 (1982): 161-79.

Wiener, M. and J. P. Allen. "Separate Lives: The Ahmose Tempest Stela and the Theran Eruption." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 57 (1998): 1-28.



Translations of Religious Texts

Allen, T. G. The Book of the Dead or Going Forth By Day. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 37. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Assmann, Jan. Liturgische Lieder an den Sonnengott. Untersuchungen zur altägyptischen Hymnik I. Münchner Ägyptologische Studien 19. Berlin: Verlag Bruno Hessling, 1969.

Borghouts, J. F. Ancient Egyptian Magical Texts. Nisaba 9. Leiden: Brill, 1978.

Borghouts, J. F. The Magical Texts of Papyrus Leiden I 348 (= Oudheidkundige Mededelingen uit het Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden 51 [1970]). Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1971.

Edgerton, W. F. and Wilson, J. A. The Historical Records of Ramses III: The Texts in Medinet Habu Volumes I and II. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 12. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1936.

Edwards, I. E. S. Oracular Amuletic Decrees of the Late New Kingdom. 2 vols. Hieratic Papyri in the British Museum, 4th ser. London: The Trustees of the British Museum, 1960.

Eyre, C. The Cannibal Hymn: A Cultural and Literary Study. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press 2002.

Fairman, H. W., ed., trans. The Triumph of Horus: An Ancient Egyptian Sacred Drama. London: B. T. Batsford, 1974.

Faulkner, R. O. The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. Three volumes. Warminster: Aris & Philips, 1973, 1977, 1978.

Faulkner, R. O. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Gardiner, Alan H. The Royal Canon of Turin. Oxford: Oxford University Press for the Griffith Institute, 1959.

Griffith, F. LI. and Thompson, Herbert. The Demotic Magical Papyrus of London and Leiden. 3 vols. London: H. Grevel and Co, 1904-09.

Jasnow, R. and Zauzich, K. Th. The Ancient Egyptian Book of Thoth: A Demotic Discourse on Knowledge and Pendant to the Classical Hermetica. 2 volumes. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2005.

Klotz, D. Adoration of the Ram: Five Hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis Temple. Yale Egyptological Studies 6. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.

Lesko, L. H. The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Two Ways. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972. Reprinted 1977.

Parker, Richard. A Saite Oracle Papyrus from Thebes in the Brooklyn Museum [Papyrus Brooklyn 47.218.31. Brown Egyptological Studies 4. Providence: Brown University Press, 1962.

Piankoff, A. The Litany of Re. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations 4. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Piankoff, A. Mythological Papyri. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations 3. New York: Bollingen Foundation, 1957

Piankoff, A. The Pyramid of Unas. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations 5. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Piankoff, A. The Shrines of Tutankhamun. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations 2. New York: Bollingen Foundation, 1955.

Piankoff, A. The Wandering of the Soul. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations 6. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972.

Piankoff, A. and N. Rambova. The Tomb of Ramesses VI. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations 1. New York: Bollingen Foundation, 1954.

Posener, Georges. Le Papyrus Vandier. Bibliothèque Générale 7. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 1985.

Smith, H. S. and A. Smith. "The Kamose Texts." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 103 (1976): 59-62.



Magic and Magical Practices

Barb, A. A. "Mystery, Myth, and Magic." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 138-69. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Betz, H. D. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation Including the Demotic Spells. Second edition. Volume One, Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Borghouts, J. F. "Magical Practices among the Villagers." In Pharaoh's Workers: The Villagers of Deir el Medina, ed. Leonard H. Lesko, 119-130, 182-185. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Borghouts, J. F. "Witchcraft, Magic and Divination in Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1775-1786. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Lloyd, A. B. "Magic, Dreams and Prophecy in Egyptian Narrative Literature." In Through A Glass Darkly: Magic, Dreams and Prophecy in Ancient Eygpt, ed. K. Szpakowska. Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, 2006.

Pinch, G. Magic in Ancient Egypt. London: British Museum Press, 1994.

Ritner, R. K. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 54. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1993



Funerary Beliefs and Practices

Adams, B. Egyptian Mummies. Shire Egyptology Series. Volume 1. Aylesbury: Shire Publications, Ltd., 1984.

Allen, J. P. "Funerary Texts and Their Meaning." Chapter in Mummies and Magic: The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt, ed. S. D'Auria et al., 38-49. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1988.

Ikram, S. and A. Dodson. The Mummy in Ancient Egypt: Equipping the Dead for Eternity. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1998.

Iskander, Z. "Mummification in Ancient Egypt: Development, History and Techniques." In An X-Ray Atlas of the Royal Mummies, ed. J. E. Harris and E. F. Wente, 1-51. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Lesko, L. H. "Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egptian Thought." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1763-1774. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Mummies and Magic: The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1988.

Wente, E. F. "Egyptian 'Make Merry' Songs Reconsidered." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 21 (1962): 118-28.

Wente, E. F. "Funerary Beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians: An Interpretation of the Burials and the Texts." Expedition (Winter, 1982): 17-26.

Zandee, J. Death As an Enemy According to Ancient Egyptian Conceptions. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960.



Temples, Priesthoods, Cult Practices, and Temple Economy

Baines, J. "Palaces and Temples of Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 1, 303-318. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Blackman, A. M. and Fairman, H. W. "The Consecration of an Egyptian Temple According to the Use of Edfu." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 32 (1946): 75-91.

David, A. R. Religious Ritual at Abydos (c. 1300 B.C.). Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1973.

Edgerton, W. F. "The Nauri Decree of Seti I: A Translation and Analysis of the Legal Portion." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 6 (1947): 219-30.

Gardiner, A. H. "Some Reflections on the Nauri Decree." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 38 (1952): 24-33.

Gardiner, A. H. The Wilbour Papyrus. Four volumes. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum.
Volume 1, Plates. 1941.
Volume 2, Commentary. 1948.
Volume 3, Translation. 1948.
Volume 4, Index, ed. R. O. Faulkner. 1952.

Gillam, R. Performance and Drama in Ancient Egypt. Duckworth Egyptology series. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 2006.

Griffith, F. Ll. "The Abydos Decree of Seti I at Nauri." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 13 (1927): 193-206.

Haring, B. J. J. Divine Households: Administrative and Economic Aspects of the New Kingdom Royal Memorial Temples in Western Thebes. Leiden: Netherlands Insituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 1997.

Janssen, J. J. Grain Transport in the Ramesside Period: Papyrus Baldwin and Papyrus Amiens. London: British Museum Press 2004.

Janssen, J. J. "The Role of the Temple in the Egyptian Economy during the New Kingdom." In State and Temple Economy in the Ancient Near East, volume 2, ed. E. Lipinski, 505-15. Leuven, 1979.

Janssen, J. J. Two Ancient Egyptian Ship's Logs. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1961.

Kemp, B. "Temple and Town in Ancient Egypt." In Man, Settlement and Urbanism, eds. P. J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G. W. Dimbleby, 657-80. London: Duckworth & Co., 1972.

O'Connor, D. 'The Social and Economic Organization of Ancient Egyptian Temples." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 1, 319-330. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Quirke, S., ed. The Temple in Ancient Egypt: New Discoveries and Recent Research. London: British Museum Press, 1997.

Robins, G. "The God's Wife of Amun in the Eighteenth Dynasty in Egypt." In Image of Women in Antiquity. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1983.

Säve-Söderbergh, T. Temples and Tombs of Ancient Nubia. London: Thames & Hudson, 1987.

Sauneron, S. The Priests of Ancient Egypt. Translated by A. Morrisett. New York: Grove Press, 1980.

Schafer, B. E., ed. Temples of Ancient Egypt. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Spalinger, A. J. "Some Revisions of Temple Endowments in the New Kingdom." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 28 (1991): 21-40.

Spencer, P. The Egyptian Temple: A Lexicographical Study. London: Kegan Paul International, 1984.

te Velde, H., "Theology, Priests and Worship in Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1731-1750. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Warburton, D. State and Economy in Ancient Egypt: Fiscal Vocabulary of the New Kingdom. Orbis Biblicus Orientalis 151. Fribourg: Editions Universitaires Fribourg, 1997.



Kingship and the Royal Theology

Frankfort, H. Kingship and the Gods: A Study of Ancient Near Eastern Religion as the Integration of Society ad Nature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

Gardiner, A. H. The Royal Canon of Turin. Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1959. Reprinted Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd., 1987. Reissued 1997.

Goyon, Jean-Claude. Confirmation du pouvoir royal au nouvel an [Brooklyn Museum Papyrus 47.218.50]. 2 vols. Bibliothèque d'Étude 52 and Wilbour Monographs 7. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale; New York: The Brooklyn Museum, 1972-74.

Griffiths, J. Gwyn. The Conflict of Horus and Seth from Egyptian and Classical Sources. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1960.

Leprohon, R. J. "Royal Ideology and State Administration in Pharaonic Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 1, 273-288. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

O'Connor, David B. and Cline, Eric H., editors. Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1997.

Smith, H. S. and Smith A. "The Kamose Texts." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 103 (1976): 59-62.



Akhenaten, Amarna and the Aten Religion

Aldred, C. Akhenaten, King of Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1988.

Cohen, R. and Westbrook, R., eds. Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnnigs of International Relations. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Cooney, J. D. Amarna Reliefs from Hermopolis in American Collections. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum, 1965.

Cruz-Uribe, E. "Atum, Shu, and the Gods during the Amarna Period." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 25 (1995): 15-21.

Davies, N. de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna. Six Volumes. Archaeological Survey of Egypt 13-18. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1903-1908.

Foster, J. L. "The Hymn to the Aten: Akhenaten Worships the Sole God." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1751-1762. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Gohary, J. Akhenaten's Sed-festival at Karnak. Studies in Egyptology. London: Kegan Paul International, 1992.

Gräzer Ohara, A. "Le palais des monts sur un bloc de remploi de Karnak: marou d'Amon et/ou complexe jubilaire d'Amenhotep III à Malqata?" Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 112 (2012): 191-213.

Griffiths, J. G. Triads and Trinity. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1996.

Johnson, W. R. "Images of Amenhotep III in Thebes: Styles and Intentions." In The Art of Amenhotep III: Art Historical Analysis, ed. L. M. Berman, 26-46. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1990.

Johnson, W. R. "The Revolutionary Role of the Sun in the Reliefs and Statuary of Amenhotep III." The Oriental Institute News and Notes 151 (Fall, 1996): 1-7.

Kemp, B. J. and Garfi, S. A Survey of the Ancient City of El-Amarna. Occasional Publications 9. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1993.

Martin, G. T. The Royal Tomb at El-Amarna. The Rock Tombs of El-Amarna 7. Two parts. Archaeological Survey of Egypt 35, 39. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
Part 1, The Objects. 1974
Part 2, The Reliefs, Inscriptions, and Architecture. 1994.

Moran, W. The Amarna Letters. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Murnane, W. J. Texts from the Amarna Period in Egypt. SBL Writings from The Ancient World 5. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995.

Murnane, W. J. and Van Siclen III, C. C. The Boundary Stelae of Akhenaten. Studies in Egyptology. London: Kegan Paul International, 1993.

O'Connor, David B. and Cline, Eric H., editors. Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1997.

Parkinson, R. and Schofield, L. "Akhenaten's Army?" Egyptian Archaeology 3 (1993): 34-35.

Parkinson, R. and Schofield, L. "Images of Mycenaeans: A Recently Acquired Painted Papyrus from El-Amarna." In Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant: Interconnections in the Second Millennium BC, ed. W. V. Davies and L. Schofield, 125-26. London: British Museum, 1995.

Redford, D. B. Akhenaten, the Heretic King. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984 .

Redford, D. B. The Akhenaten Temple Project. Volume 1, Initial Discoveries. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1976.

Redford, D. B. The Akhenaten Temple Project. Volume 2, Rwd-Mnw and Inscriptions. Toronto: Akhenaten Temple Project, 1988.

Strudwick, N. and Strudwick, H. Thebes in Egypt: A Guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Wilson, J. A. "Akh-en-aton and Nefertiti." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 23 (1973): 235.



Ethics, Morality and Wisdom Literature

Assmann, Jan."Weisheit, Loyalismus und Froemmigkeit." In Studien zu altägyptischen Lebenslehren, edited by Erik Hornung and Othmar Keel, 11-72. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 28. Freiburg: Universitätsverlag; Goettingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1979.

Barns, John. "A New Wisdom Text from a Writing-board in Oxford." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 54 (1968): 71-76.

Buccellati, G. "Ethics and Piety in the Ancient Near East." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1685-1696. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Fox, Michael V. "Two Decades of Research in Egyptian Wisdom Literature." Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 107 (1980): 120-35.

Jasnow, R. A Late Period Hieratic Wisdom Text (P. Brooklyn 47.218.135). Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 52. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1992.

Lichtheim, Miriam. Late Egyptian Wisdom Literature in the International Context. A Study of Demotic Instructions. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 52. Freiburg: Universitiitsverlag; Gbttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1983.

Lichtheim, Miriam. "Demotic Proverbs." In Grammata Demotika: Festschrift für Erich Lüddeckens zum 15. Juni 1983, edited by Heinz-J. Thissen and Karl-Tb. Zauzich, 125-40. Würzburg: Gisela Zauzich Veriag, 1984.

Lichtheim, M. Moral Values in Ancient Egypt. Orbis Biblicus Orientalis 155. Fribourg: Editions Universitaires Fribourg, 1997.

Posener, Georges. L'Enseignement loyaliste: sagesse égyptienne du Moyen Empire. Centre de recherches d'histoire et de philologie de la IVe section de l'École Pratique des Hautes Études. Hautes Études Orientales 5. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1976.

Posener, Georges and Saint Fare Garnot, Jean. "Sur une sagesse égyptienne de basse époque (Papyrus Brooklyn No. 47.218.135)." In Les Sagesses du Proche-Orient Ancien. Colloque de Strasbourg 17-19 Mai 1962, 153-57. Travaux du Centre Études Supérieures. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1963.

Smith, Mark. "Weisheit, demotische" [in English]. In Lexikon der Aegyptologie, Vol. 6, cols. 1192-1204. Edited by Wolfgang Helck and Wolfhart Westendorf. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1986.



Games, Sports and Athletics

Borghouts, J. F. "The Evil Eye of Apopis." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 59 (1973): 114-50.

Decker, Wolfgang. Sports and Games of Ancient Egypt. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1990.

DeVries, C. "A Ritual Ball Game?" In Studies in Honor of John A. Wilson Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 35, ed. E. Hauser, 25-35. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1969.

Goyon, Jean-Claude. "Textes mythologiques II: Les Révélations du mystère des quatre boules." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 75 (1975): 349-99.

Hoerth, A. J. "The Game of Hounds and Jackals." In Board Games in Perspective: Proceedings of the Colloquium on Board Games of the Ancient World, ed. I. Finkel, 64-68. London: British Museum Publications, 2007.

Kendall, T. "Mehen: The Ancient Egyptian Game of the Serpent." In Board Games in Perspective: Proceedings of the Colloquium on Board Games of the Ancient World, ed. I. Finkel, 33-45. London: British Museum Publications, 2007.

Manniche, L. Music and Musicians in Ancient Egypt. London: British Museum Press, 1991.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Egypt's Golden Age: The Art of Living in the New Kingdom 1558 B.C. - 1085 B.C. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1982.

Piccione, P. A. "The Egyptian Game of Senet and the Migration of the Soul." In Board Games in Perspective: Proceedings of the Colloquium on Board Games of the Ancient World, ed. I. Finkel, 54-63. London: British Museum Publications, 2007.

Piccione, P. A. "The Gaming Episode in the Tale of Setne Khamwas As Religious Metaphor." In For His Ka: Essays Offered in Memory of Klaus Baer, edited by D. Silverman, 197-204. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilizations 55. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1994.

Piccione, P. A. "In Search of the Meaning of Senet." Archaeology Magazine 33/4 (July/August l980): 55-58.

Piccione, P. A. "Mehen, Mysteries and Resurrection from the Coiled Serpent." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 27 (1990): 43-52.

Piccione, P. A. "Sportive Fencing as a Ritual for Destroying the Enemies of Horus." In Gold of Praise: Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente, edited by E. Teeter and J. Larson, 335-49. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilizations 58. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2000.

Pusch, E. B. "The Egyptian 'Game of Twenty Squares': Is it Related to 'Marbles' and the Game of the Snake?" In Board Games in Perspective: Proceedings of the Colloquium on Board Games of the Ancient World, ed. I. Finkel, 69-86. London: British Museum Publications, 2007.

Tait, W. J. Game-Boxes and Accessories from the Tomb of Tut'ankhamun. Tutankhamun's Tomb Series 7. Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1982.

Tait, W. J. "Were There Gamesters in Pharaonic Egypt?" In Board Games in Perspective: Proceedings of the Colloquium on Board Games of the Ancient World, ed. I. Finkel, 46-53. London: British Museum Publications, 2007.

Tyldesley, J. Egyptian Games and Sports. Shire Egyptology Series 29. Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, 2007.

Wilson, J. "Ceremonial Games of the New Kingdom." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 17 (1931): 211-20.



Law and Legal Issues

Allam, S. "Legal Aspects in the Contendings of Horus and Seth." In Studies in Pharaonic Religion and Society in Honour of J. Gwyn Griffiths, ed. A. B. Lloyd, 137-45. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1992.

Boorn, G. P. F. van den. The Duties of the Vizier: Civil Administration in the Early New Kingdom. London: Kegan Paul International, 1988.

Eyre, C. J. "Crime and Adultery in Ancient Egypt." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 70 (1984): 92-105.

Hayes, W. C. A Papyrus of the Late Middle Kingdom in the Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum, 1955. Reprinted 1972.

Lorton, D. "Legal and Social Institutions of Pharaonic Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East 1, ed. Jack M. Sasson, 345-362. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.

Lorton, D. "The Treatment of Criminals in Ancient Egypt." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 20 (1977): 2-64.

McDowell, A. G. Jurisdiction in the Workmen's Community of Deir el-Medina. Egyptologische Uitgaven 5. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 1990.

McDowell, A. G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Peet, T. E. The Great Tomb-robberies of the Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty. Reprinted, Hildesheim: Olms, 1977.

Pestman, P. W. Marriage and Matrimonial Property in Ancient Egypt: A Contribution to Establishing the Legal Position of the Woman. Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 9. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1961.

Sweeney D. "Gender and Oracular Practice in Deir el-Medina." Zeitschrift fuer Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 135 (2008): 154-164.

Théodoridés, A. "The Concept of Law in Ancient Egypt." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 291-322. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Tyldesley, J. Judgement of the Pharaoh: Crime and Punishment in Ancient Egypt. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2000.



Literacy, Writing and Education

For a variety of essays on this topic, see Jack M.Sasson, editor, Civilizations of the Ancient Near East 4, pt. 9, "Language, Writing, and Literature," 2135-2264 passim.

Baines, J. "Literacy and Ancient Egyptian Society." Man n.s. 18 (1983): 572-99.

Baines, J. "Literacy, Social Organization, and the Archaeological Record: The Case of Early Egypt." In State and Society: The Emergence and Development of Social Hierarchy and Political Centralization. One World Archaeology 4. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.

Baines, J. and Eyre, C. "Four Notes on Literacy." Göttinger Miszellen 61 (1983): 65-96.

Bryan, B. "The Evidence for Female Literacy from Theban Tombs of the New Kingdom." Bulletin of the Egyptological Seminar 6 (1984): 17-32.

Caminos, R. A. Late Egyptian Miscellanies. London: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Caminos, R. A. "The Recording of Inscriptions and Scenes in Tombs and Temples." In Ancient Egyptian Epigraphy and Palaeography. Second edition, 3-25. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1979.

Cerný, J. "Language and Writing." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 197-219. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Darnell, J. C. "Die frühalphabetischen Inschriften im Wadi el-Hol." In Der Turmbau zu Babel: Ursprung und Vielfalt von Sprache und Schrift: eine Ausstellung des Kunsthistorischen Museums Wien für die Europische Kulturhauptstadt Graz 2003: Schloss Eggenberg, Graz 5. April bis 5. Oktober 2003, ed. W. Seipel, 165-172. Schriften des Kunsthistorischen Museums 3a. Vienna; Kunsthistorisches Museum and Milan: Skira, 2003.

Darnell, J. C. and D. Darnell. Theban Desert Road Survey in the Egyptian Western Desert. Volume 1, Gebel Tjauti Rock Inscriptions 1-45 and Wadi El-Hol Rock Inscriptions 1-45. Oriental Institute Publications 119. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2002.

Davies, W. V. Egyptian Hieroglyphs. Reading the Past. Volume 6. Berkeley: University of California Press and The British Museum, 1987.

Davies, W. V. "Egyptian Hieroglyphs". In Reading the Past: Ancient Writing from Cuneiform to the Alphabet. London: The British Museum Press, 1990.

Fischer, H. G. "Archaeological Aspects of Epigraphy and Palaeography." In Ancient Egyptian Epigraphy and Palaeography. Second edition. 29-50. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1979.

Fischer, H. G. The Orientation of Hieroglyphs. Part 1, Reversals. Egyptian Studies 2. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1977.

Gardiner, A. H. Introduction to Egyptian Grammar, 3rd ed., rev. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969. 5-10.

Gelb, I. J. A Study of Writing. Second edition, revised. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Isserlin, B. "The Transfer of the Alphabet to the Greeks: The State of the Documentation." In Phoinikea Grammata: Actes du Colloque de Liège 15-18 Novembre 1989, ed. Cl. Baurain et al., 283-91. Collections d'études classiques 6. Namur: Societé des Études Classiques, 1991.

Iversen, E. "The Hieroglyphic Tradition." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 170-96. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

McDowell, A. G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Millard, A. R. "The Infancy of the Alphabet." World Archaeology 17 (1986): 390-398.

Parkinson, R. Cracking Codes: The Rosetta Stone and Decipherment. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Parkinson, R. and S. Quirke. Papyrus. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995.

Posener, G. "Literature." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 220-256. Second edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Ray, J. D. "The Emergence of Writing in Egypt." World Archaeology 17 (1986): 307-316.

Williams, R. J. "Scribal Training in Ancient Egypt." Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (1972): 214-221.


Society and Social Institutions

Boorn, G. P. F. van den. The Duties of the Vizier: Civil Administration in the Early New Kingdom. London: Kegan Paul International, 1988.

Bourriau, J. and Jacke Phillips, eds. Invention and Innovation: The Social Context of Technological Change II: Egypt, the Aegean and the Near East, 1650-1150 B.C. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2004.

Demarée, R. and J. J. Janssen, eds. Gleanings from Deir el-Medina. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut, 1982.

Gillam, R. Performance and Drama in Ancient Egypt. Duckworth Egyptology series. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 2006.

Janseen, J. J. and P. W. Pestman. "Burial and Inheritance in the Community of the Necropolis Workmen at Thebes (Pap. Bulaq Xand O. Petrie 16)." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 11 (1968): 137-170.

Janssen, R. M. and J. J. Janssen. Getting Old in Ancient Egypt. London: Rubicon Press, 1990. Reprinted 1996.

Janssen, R. M. and J. J. Janssen. Growing Up in Ancient Egypt. London: Rubicon Press, 1990. Reprinted 1996.

Lesko, L. H. ed., Pharaoh's Workers: The Villagers of Deir el Medina. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

McDowell, A. G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Meskell, L. Archaeologies of Social Life. London: Blackwell Publishing, 1999.

Meskell, L. "Cycles of Life and Death: Narrative Homology and Archaeological Realities." World Archaeology 31, no. 3, Human Lifecycles (Feb., 2000): 423-441.

Meskell, L. Object Worlds in Ancient Egypt. Materializing Culture Series. Berg Publications, 2004.

Meskell, L. Private Life in New Kingdom Egypt. Princeton University Press, 2004.

Roth, A. "Initiation: Phyle Membership and Circumcision." In Egyptian Phyles of the Old Kingdom: The Evolution of a System of Social Organization, 62-72. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 48. Chicago: Oriental Institute, 1991.

Shortland, A., ed. The Social Context of Technological Change in Egypt and the Near East, 1650-1550 BC. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2001.



Women: Social Status and Position

Allam, S. "Women as Owners of Immovables in Pharaonic Egypt." In Women's Earliest Records: From Ancient Egypt and Western Asia, ed. B. Lesko, 123-39. Brown Judaic Studies, no. 166. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.

Arnold, Dorothea. The Royal Women of Amarna: Images of Beauty from Ancient Egypt. New York: H. Abrams, Inc. for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997.

Baines, J. and Eyre, C. "Four Notes on Literacy." Göttinger Miszellen 61 (1983): 65-96.

Baines, J. and Malek, J. "Women in Society." Chapter in Atlas of Ancient Egypt, 204-208. New York: Facts on File, 1980.

Barker, D. "The Place of Residence of the Divorced Wife in Roman Egypt." In Akten des 21. Internationalen Papyrologenkongresses Berlin, 13.-19.8.1995, eds., B. Kramer, et al, 59-66.

Bryan, B. "The Evidence for Female Literacy from Theban Tombs of the New Kingdom." Bulletin of the Egyptological Seminar 6 (1984): 17-32.

Fischer, H. G. "Women in the Old Kingdom and the Heracleopolitan Period." In Women's Earliest Records: From Ancient Egypt and Western Asia, ed. B. Lesko, 5-24. Brown Judaic Studies, no. 166. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.

Gaves-Brown, C., ed. Sex and Gender in Ancient Egypt: 'Don Your Wig for a Joyful Hour.' Swansea: The Classical Prwess of Wales, 2008.

Jonckheere, F. "Subincisions et excision? Mutilations sexuelles pharaoniques?" Histoire de la Médecine: Revue Technique et Historique Destinée au Corps Médicale 1/9 (December 1951): 3-7.

Johnson, J. H. Bibliography for "Women in Ancient Egypt." Located on the World Wide Web (Internet) on the pages of Diotìma: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World, catalogued under "Ancient Near East".

Katary, S. L. D. "Land Tenure in the New Kingdom: The Role of Women, Smallholders and the Military." In Agriculture in Egypt: From Pharaonic to Modern Times, ed. A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, 61-82. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Lesko, B. The Remarkable Women of Ancient Egypt. Third edition, revised. Providence: B.C. Scribe Publications, 1996.

Lesko, B. "Women and Religion in Ancient Egypt." Located on the World Wide Web (Internet) on the pages of Diotìma: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World, catalogued under "Essays".

Lesko, B., editor. Women's Earliest Records: From Ancient Egypt and Western Asia. Brown Judaic Studies, no. 166. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989

Lesko, B. "Women's Monumental Mark on Ancient Egypt." Biblical Archaeologist 54/1 (March, 1991): 4-15.

Li, J. "The Singers in the Residence of the Temple of Amen at Medinet Habu: Mortuary Practices, Agency, and the Material Constructions of Identity." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 47 (2011): 217-230.

Manassa, C. The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the 13th Century BC. Yale Egyptological Studies 5. New Haven: Yale Egyptological Seminar, 2003.

McDowell, A. G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Menu, B. "Women and Business Life in the First Millennium B.C." In Women's Earliest Records: From Ancient Egypt and Western Asia, ed. B. Lesko, 193-205. Brown Judaic Studies, no. 166. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.

Meskell, L. Archaeologies of Social Life. London: Blackwell Publishing, 1999.

Pestman, P. W. Marriage and Matrimonial Property in Ancient Egypt: A Contribution to Establishing the Legal Position of the Woman. Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 9. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1961.

Pomeroy, S. Women in Hellenistic Egypt from Alexander to Cleopatra. New York: Schocken Books, 1984.

Robins, G. "The God's Wife of Amun in the Eighteenth Dynasty in Egypt." In Image of Women in Antiquity. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1983

Robins, G. "Some Images of Women in New Kingdom Art and Literature." In Women's Earliest Records: From Ancient Egypt and Western Asia, ed. B. Lesko, 105-116. Brown Judaic Studies, no. 166. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.

Robins, G. Women in Ancient Egypt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Sweeney D. "Gender and Oracular Practice in Deir el-Medina." Zeitschrift fuer Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 135 (2008): 154-164.

Tyldesley, J. A. Daughter of Isis: Women of Ancient Egypt. London: Viking Press, 1994.

Ward, W. "The Case of Mrs. Tchat and Her Sons at Beni Hasan." Göttinger Miszellen 71 (1984): 51-59.

Ward, W. "The Egyptian Economy and Non-royal Women: Their Status in Public Life" (1996). Essay located on the World Wide Web (Internet), including translations of 10 primary texts related to Egyptian women; URL: http://www.stoa.org/diotima/essays/wardlect.shtml.(click to open).

Watterson, B. Women in Ancient Egypt. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Wilfong, T. Women and Gender in Ancient Egypt from Prehistory to Late Antiquity: An Exhibition at the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 14 March-15 June 1997. Ann Arbor, Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 1997.

Wilfong, T. "Women in the Ancient Near East: A Select Bibliography of Recent Sources in The Oriental Institute Research Archives." (1995). Located on the World Wide Web (Internet); URL: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/DEPT/RA/WOMEN.HTML. (click to open).



Sex and Sexuality

Androutsos, G. and Marketos, S. "La sexualité dans l'ancienne Égypte." Progrès en Urologie 4 (October, 1994): 715-25.

van Dijk, Jac. "The Nocturnal Wanderings of King Neferkare." In Hommages à Jean Leclant. Volume 4, Varia, ed. Catherine Berger, Gisele Clerc and Nicolas Grimal, 387-394. Bibliothèque d'Etude 106. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 1994.

Gaves-Brown, C., ed. Sex and Gender in Ancient Egypt: 'Don Your Wig for a Joyful Hour.' Swansea: The Classical Prwess of Wales, 2008.

Jonckheere, F. "Subincisions et excision? Mutilations sexuelles pharaoniques?" Histoire de la Médecine: Revue Technique et Historique Destinée au Corps Médicale 1/9 (December 1951): 3-7.

McDowell, A. G. Village Life in Ancient Egypt: Laundry Lists and Love Songs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Manniche, L. "Some Aspects of Ancient Egyptian Sexual Life." Acta Orientalia 38 (1977): 11-23.

Manniche, L. Sexual Life in Ancient Egypt. New York and London: Kegan Paul International, 1987.

Montserrat, D. Sex and Society in Greco-Roman Egypt. New York and London: Kegan Paul International, 1996.

Mysliwiec, K. Eros on the Nile. Translated by G. L. Packer. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Omlin, J. A. Der Papyrus 55001 und seine satirisch-erotischen Zeichnungen und Inschriften. Catalogo. Serie 1: Monumenti e Testi 3. Turin: Edizione d'Arte Fratelli Pozzo, 1973.

Parkinson, R. B. "'Homosexual' Desire and Middle Kingdom Literature." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 81 (1995): 57-76.



Slaves and Slavery

Allam, S. "Slaves" in Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pp. 293-296.

Bakir, A. M. Slavery in Pharaonic Egypt. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte. Cahier 18. Cairo: Imprimerie de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1952. Reprinted Cairo: L'Organisation Égyptienne Générale du Livre, 1978.

Cruz-Uribe, E. "Slavery in Egypt during the Saite and Persian Periods." Revue Internationale des Droits de l'Antiquité 29 (1982): 47-71.

Gundlach, R. Die Zwangsumsiedlung auswärtiger Bevölkerung als Mittel ägyptischer Politik bis zum Ende des Mittleren Reiches. Forschungen zur antiken Sklaverei 26. Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 1994.

Leahy, A. "Ethnic Diversity in Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson, 225-234. Volume 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995.

Menu, B. "Les rapports de dépendance en Égypte à l'époque saďte et perse." Revue Historique de Droit Français et Étranger 55 (1977): 391-401.

Menu, B. "Les rapports de dépendance en Égypte à l'époque saďte et perse." In Acts. First International Congress of Egyptology, Cairo, October 2-10, 1976. Edited by Walter F. Reineke, 477-482. Schriften zur Geschichte and Kultur des Alten Orients 14. Berlin, Akademie-Verlag, 1979.



Medicine and Medical Magic

Allen, J. P. The Art of Medicine in Ancient Egypt. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press, 2005.

Bardinet, T. Les papyrus médicaux de l'Egypte pharaonique: Traduction intégrale et commentaire. Penser la Médecine. Paris: Librarie Arthème Fayard, 1995.

Clagett, M. Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book 1, Knowledge and Order 2, Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society,1989.

Ebeid, N. I. Egyptian Medicine in the days of the Pharaohs. Cairo: General Egyptian Book Organization, [1999].

Estes, J. W. The Medical Skills of Ancient Egypt. Rev. ed. Canton, MA: Science History Publications, 1993.

Filer, J. Disease. Egyptian Bookshelf Series. London: British Museum, 1995.

Germer, R. Die Heilpflanzen der Ägypter. Artemis and Winkler, 2002.

Ghalioungui, P. The House of Life, Per Ankh: Medicine and Magic in Ancient Egypt. 2nd ed., rev. Amsterdam: B. M. Israel Boekhandel, 1973.

Ghalioungui, P. "Medicine in Ancient Egypt." In An X-Ray Atlas of the Royal Mummies, ed. J. E. Harris and E. F. Wente, 52-98. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Ghalioungui, P. The Physicians of Pharaonic Egypt. Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Kairo Sonderschrift 10. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1983.

Griffith, F. Ll. The Petrie Papyri: Hieratic Papyri from Kahun and Gurob. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1898.

Harris, J. R. "Medicine." Chapter in The Legacy of Egypt, ed. J. R. Harris, 112-37. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Iversen, E. Papyrus Carlsberg No. VIII with Some Remarks on the Egyptian Origin of Some Popular Birth Prognoses. Det Kongelige danske Videnskabernes Selskab. Historisk-filologiske Meddelelser. Volume. 26, no. 5. Křbenhavn: E. Munksgaard, 1939.

Kákosy, L. "Ouroboros on Magical Healing Statues." In Hermes Aegyptiacus: Egyptological Studies for B. H. Stricker on His 85th Birthday, ed. T. DuQuesne, 123-29. Discussions in Egyptology Special No. 2. Oxford: DE Publications, 1995.

Kákosy, L. "Some Problems of the Magical Healing Statues." In La magia in Egitto ai tempi dei faraoni. Atti Convegno Internazionale di Studi, Milano 29-31 Ottobre 1985, ed. A. Roccati and A. Siliotti, 171-80. Milan: Rassegna Internazionale Cinematografia Archeologica Arte e Natura Libri, 1987.

Leitz, C. Magical and Medical Papyri of the New Kingdom. Hieratic Papyri in the British Museum. Volume 7. London: The British Museum Press, 1999.

Nunn, J. F. Ancient Egyptian Medicine. London: British Museum, 1996; Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Reymond, E. A. E. From the Contents of the Libraries of the Suchos Temples in the Fayyum. Part 1, A Medical Book from Crocodilopolis: P. Vindob. D.6257. Mitteilungen aus der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek 10. Vienna: Verlag Brüder Hollinek, 1976.

Ritner, R. "Horus on the Crocodiles: A Juncture of Religion and Magic in Late Dynastic Egypt." In Religion and Philosophy in Ancient Egypt, by J. P. Allen, J. Assmann. A. B. Lloyd, R. K. Ritner and D. P. Silverman, 103-16. Yale Egyptological Studies 3. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Ritner, R. "Religion vs. Magic. The Evidence of the Magical Statue Bases." In The Intellectual Heritage of Egypt: Studies Presented to László Kákosy by Friends and Colleagues on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday, ed. U. Luft, 495-501. Studia Aegyptiaca 14. Budapest: Innova Press, 1992.

Ritner, R. "A Uterine Amulet in the Oriental Institute Collection." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 43 (1984): 209-221.

Stevens, J. M. "Gynaecology from Ancient Egypt: The Papyrus Kahun: A Translation of the Oldest Treatise on Gynaecology that has Survived the Ancient World." Medical Journal of Australia 21 (December 1975): 949-52.

Walker, C. "Rx--the Eye of Horus." Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London 26/1 (January 1992): 102.

Walker, J. "Egyptian Medicine and the Gods." Bulletin of the Australian Centre of Egyptology 4 (1993): 83-101.

Walker, J. "The Place of Magic in the Practice of Medicine in Ancient Egypt." Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 1 (1990): 85-95.

Walker, R. E. "The Veterinary Papyrus of Kahun: A Revised Translation and Interpretation of the Ancient Egyptian Treatise Known as the Veterinary Papyrus of Kahun." Veterinary Record 75 (1964): 198-200.

Weeks, K. R. "Ancient Egyptian Dentistry." In An X-Ray Atlas of the Royal Mummies, ed. J. E. Harris and E. F. Wente, 99-121. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Weeks, K. "Medicine, Surgery, and Public Health in Ancient Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson 3, 1787-1798. New York: Scribner, 1995 onward.


Warfare and Military History

Darnell, J. C. and Colleen Manassa. Tutankhamun's Armies: Battle and Conquest During Ancient Egypt's Late 18th Dynasty. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons, 2007.

Gnirs, A. M. "Ancient Egypt." In War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds: Asia, the Mediterranean, Europe and Mesoamerica, eds. K. Raaflaub and N. Rosenstein, 71-104. Washington, D.C.: Center for Hellenic Studies and Harvard University, 1999.

Hamblin, W. J. Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC: Holy Warrior at the Dawn of History. Warfare and History Series. Routledge, 2006.

Hasel, M. G. Domination and Resistance: Egyptian Military Activity in the Southern Levant. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1998.

Healy, M. and A. Mcbride. New Kingdom Egypt. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1992.

Kadry, A. Officers and Officials in the New Kingdom. Studia Aegyptiaca 8. Budapest: Université Loránd Eötvös, 1982.

Kadry, A. "The Social Status and Education of Military Scribes in Egypt During the 18th Dynasty." Oikumene 5 (1986): 155-162.

Littauer, M. A. and J. H. Crouwel. Chariots and Related Equipment from the Tomb of Tut'ankhamun. Tutankhamun's Tomb Series 8. Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1985.

Lundh, P. Actor and Event: Military Activity in Ancient Egyptian Narrative Texts from Tuthmosis II to Merneptah. Doctoral thesis. Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, 2002.

Morris, E. F. The Architecture of Imperialism: Military Bases and the Evolution of Foreign Policy in Egypt's New Kingdom. Probleme der Ägyptologie 22. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2005.

Murnane, W. The Road to Kadesh: An Historical Interpretation of the Battle Reliefs of King Sety I at Karnak. Second ed., rev. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilizations 42. Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1990.

Partridge, R. B. Fighting Pharaoh's Weapons and Warfare in Ancient Egypt. Manchester: Peartree Publishing, 2002.

Schulman, A. R. "The Battle Scenes of the Middle Kingdom." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 12/4 (1982): 165-183.

Schulman, A. R. "Chariots, Chariotry and the Hyksos." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 10/2 (1980): 105-153.

Schulman, A. R. "The Egyptian Chariotry: a Reexamination." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 2 (1963): 75-98.

Schulman, A. R. "Kings, Chronicles and Egyptian Mercenaries." Bulletin of the Egyptological Seminar 5 (1983): 117-134.

Schulman, A. R. "Military Organization in Pharaonic Egypt." In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. Sasson, 273-288. Volume 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995.

Schulman, A. R. Military Rank, Title and Organization in the Egyptian New Kingdom. Munchner Ägyptologische Studien 6. Berlin: Bruno Hessling, 1964.

Schulman, A. R. "The N'RN at Kadesh Once Again." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 11 (1981): 7-19.

Schulman, A. R. "The N'rn at the Battle of Kadesh." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 1 (1962): 25-47.

Shaw, I. Egyptian Warfare and Weapons. Shire Egyptology Series. Volume 16. Buckinghamshire: Shire Publications, 1999.

Spalinger, A. J. Aspects of the Military Documents of the Ancient Egyptians. Yale Near Eastern Researches 9. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Spalinger, A. J. "A Canaanite Ritual Found in Egyptian Military Reliefs." Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 8 (1978): 47-60.

Spalinger, A. "A Critical Analysis of the 'Annals' of Thutmose III (Stucke V-VI)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 14 (1977): 41-54.

Spalinger, A. J. War in Ancient Egypt: The New Kingdom. Ancient World at War Series. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Professional, 2005.

Winlock, H. E. The Slain Soldiers of Neb-hepet-re Mentu-hotpe. Publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 16. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1945.